Il dibattito ferve oggi sulle Ong che contribuiscono a salvare i profughi in arrivo in Italia dalla Libia, alimentato dalle destre pregiudizialmente anti-immigrati. Org, organizzazione Democratica finanziata direttamente da Soros. I Catrambone hanno negato collusioni con trafficanti e ogni altra scorrettezza. Proponiamo la traduzione italiana fornita da associazioneeuropalibera. Abbiamo controllato i siti. Se pure non riferite direttamente alla Libia, appaiono notizie interessanti.
WatchTheMed watchthemed. Il sito w2eu. I suoi attivisti, che si trovano in differenti paesi UE, affermano che prestano il loro lavoro gratuitamente.
Alla voce Deportazione si indica al migrante come evitare di essere deportato o come rendere inefficace una tale decisione. Ancora, lo si istruisce su come comportarsi durante le operazioni di soccorso e, una volta sul suolo europeo, come rivendicare il diritto di asilo ai sensi della Convenzione di Ginevra del Lo Sciacallo.
La vera storia di Carlos more. Dalla P2 alla P4. La storia della P2 e dei suoi affiliati si intreccia con quella dei servizi deviati, dello stragismo di stato frutto della strategia della tensione e della contrapposizione Est-Ovest , delle Br e del rapimento Moro; riguarda i rapporti Antiche amicizie legate da affari comuni e segreti inconfessabili, come la corruzione del giudice del lodo Mondadori.
Nonostante lo scioglimento, decretato dalla Legge 25 gennaio , n. Lo sono, perlomeno, molti dei suoi componenti. I piduisti che ricoprivano incarichi pubblici sono scomparsi per qualche tempo, per riaffacciarsi alla ribalta in coincidenza con la discesa in campo di Berlusconi, e la fondazione di Forza Italia.
Il Cavaliere ha riportato gli ex piduisti nelle istituzioni che contano e nel suo vasto impero mediatico. Una nuova indagine che ha origini antiche. Non per Ma da dove viene il diritto? Relatore Chiar. Roberto Chiarini. Le cause strutturali di quel collasso improvviso, risiedono nel confronto insostenibile con le democrazie occidentali, e sono da ricercarsi nelle origini stesse della natura di quei regimi.
Lo scioglimento del Pcus e la mutata situazione, hanno costretto il Pci a cambiare ragione sociale, trasformandosi in Pds, e coltivando la speranza che, dopo oltre 40 anni, in Italia fosse finalmente possibile un governo senza la Dc. A nulla sono valse le istanze di rinnovamento che giungevano dai cittadini, e che trovavano riscontro nelle dichiarazioni del Presidente della Repubblica Francesco Cossiga, o nel movimento referendario di Mario Segni.
Come ha giustamente scritto Lucio Caracciolo nel suo Terra Incognita. Conference Presentations. A Challenge to European Values more. As a transcontinental country, Turkey belongs both to Asia and Europe, and can be used as a As a transcontinental country, Turkey belongs both to Asia and Europe, and can be used as a benchmark to assess the narrowing of human rights and civil liberties in the fight against terrorism.
While having become the central platform for action for Islamist groups in the Middle East, as a result of the gradually Islamized domestic and foreign policy of Ankara since , Turkey demands its Western allies to stand by it in the fight against terrorism. Turkey has a concept of terrorism that clashes with the principles enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights, that should be obliged to comply, together with other international instruments. This paper scrutinizes the policy of the Turkish authorities to counter terrorism within the country and at its external borders, and the inconsistencies of this policy with the international legal commitments and with the values of European and Western nations.
View on eurasianpoliticsandsociety. The Twenty-First Century Conflicts more. Alongside non-international and international conflict, a third category of armed conflict is emerging: hybrid, asymmetric, and transnational conflict which involve state and non-state actors such as insurgents or terrorist organizations Alongside non-international and international conflict, a third category of armed conflict is emerging: hybrid, asymmetric, and transnational conflict which involve state and non-state actors such as insurgents or terrorist organizations.
Unconventional conflicts are among the trend topics of defense and security, and they pose a threat to the stability of international order. States and international organizations, such as the UN and NATO, face difficulty using legal tools currently provided by international law, in particular international humanitarian law IHL and the law of war Geneva and Hague conventions. The issue is how current international law applies or can be adapted to these conflicts. There are some questions to be fixed. Secondly, we should determine whether IHL applies in transnational armed conflict against non-state groups, and if their members cease to be targetable during a pause in their active involvement, and whether there can be a non-international armed conflict which has no finite territorial boundaries with a non-state armed group operating transnationally.
Lastly, we should assess whether attacks carried out by a transnational organisation and its affiliates meet the criteria of qualifying as a state of armed conflict under IHL. View on cidium.
Marco Marsili | Universidade Católica Portuguesa - ziwopycaxa.tk
Citizen Journalism more. Increasing military capability through information and communication more. The scope of this abstract is to pursue and increase the quality levels of the military instrument to enhance the effectiveness, operational capabilities and overall employability by providing a timely information representation and a The scope of this abstract is to pursue and increase the quality levels of the military instrument to enhance the effectiveness, operational capabilities and overall employability by providing a timely information representation and a catchy and tailored visualization and communication support.
The success of communication, both indoor and outdoor, is essential for achieving goals. A fully-informed and favorable outdoor and indoor environment supports and facilitates the achievement of military objectives. Communication must be multimedia, multiplatform and multilevel. Communication to be strength, must represent information in a simply and clear way through short text elements integrated with interactive visual representations: they capture at best the audience attention, without compromising the efficacy of the information content to be transmitted.
Online availability through user-friendly and intuitive interface, enabling a positive user experience, is strongly recommended. Language should be natural for not military audience, and glossary should be available. Communication results should be measured through a validation and verification process. The wave of jihadism affecting western countries since 11 September , has pushed governments to pass repressive legislation, which is restrictive on fundamental rights and freedoms.
The EU security and counter-terrorism strategy has The EU security and counter-terrorism strategy has not been effective, instead resulted in the increase of affiliations to jihadist groups in Europe. Little or nothing has been done to develop a successful media and communication strategy. Little or nothing has been done to try to understand why many Europeans - grown and often born in western countries - turned themselves into 'lone wolves' or 'foreign fighters'. What pushed these 'lost sons of Europe' to walk the path of terrorism?
What are the causes of radicalisation, and how can we remedy them? This paper suggests some explanations based on sociology and urban sociology. The essay tackles important and timely concerns in contemporary security studies, and gives a critical assessment of the European cultural approach to counter terrorism, suggesting a holistic and comprehensive strategy to address it.
View on cei. In the Treaty of Rome established the A series of further international treaties and treaty revisions based largely on this model led eventually to the creation of the EU. In the early s the European Political Cooperation EPC; renamed the Common Foreign and Security Policy by the Maastricht Treaty , consisting of regular meetings of the foreign ministers of each country, was established to coordinate foreign policy. As part of the second pillar of the Maastricht Treaty, members undertook to define and implement common foreign and security policies.
Members agreed that, where possible, they would adopt common defense policies, which would be implemented through the Western European Union WEU , a security organization that included many EU members. The WEU, that run from until , was made up of 10countries, and operated as a forum for the coordination of matters of European security and defense. The WEU became the primary defense institution of the EU in the s, though it gave up that role in The Council of Europe CoE is an older and wider circle of nations than the member European Union —it includes, for example, Russia and Turkey among its member states.
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Relations between NATO and the EU were institutionalized in , building on steps taken during the s to promote greater European responsibility in defense matters. Finally, in the Lisbon Treaty consolidatedforeign policy representation for the EU. No statement was more wrong. Alongside non-international and international conflicts, a third category of armed conflict is emerging: hybrid, asymmetric, and transnational conflicts which involve state and non-state actors such as insurgents and terrorists. Hybrid conflicts, involving state and non-state actors, characterize the post ColdWar era.
These conflicts challenge the ability of international organizations to address them, and so far the EU was unable to settle them. The independence of Kosovo is not recognized by all EU members: to date, 23 of the 28 member states recognize the authority of Pristina. Conclusions Since it was created by the Maastricht Treaty in , the EU is facing difficulties in addressing and settle crisis.
So far, the EU proved unable to solve alone the conflicts that have arisen at its doors, with the long time running Israeli—Palestinian and Cyprus issue still unfixed. Other international organizations —i. Despite the overlap of some of these organizations, that share theirs members with the EU, the Union is not able to achieve an ownership in the field of peace, stability and security at its borders, and and his claim to be a global actor proves weak-willed. It would be useful to investigate the reasons for this incapacity: lack of a real and exclusive autonomy in matters of foreign policy; lack of a European army; subjection to US-led NATO; national interest of EU member states.
Alongside non-international and international conflicts, a third category of armed conflict is emerging: hybrid, asymmetric, and transnational conflicts which involve state and non-state actors such as insurgents or terrorist Alongside non-international and international conflicts, a third category of armed conflict is emerging: hybrid, asymmetric, and transnational conflicts which involve state and non-state actors such as insurgents or terrorist organizations.
Lastly, we should assess whether attacks carried out by a transnational organisations and its affiliates meet the criteria of qualifying as a state of armed conflict under IHL. The European Union security and counter-terrorism strategy adopted after 11 September has not been effective, instead resulted in the increase of Islamist terrorist incidents. Europe has been hit by a wave of terrorist attacks, Europe has been hit by a wave of terrorist attacks, which demonstrates the limits of the Security and Defence Policy.
The EU short-term strategy, tending only to hit terrorist organisations, has not produced the expected effects: attacks in Europe, rather than decreasing, have increased. Little or nothing has been done to develop a successful preventive strategy. After the early s, there is hardly registered Islamic attack within the EU, due to the change in the Al-Qaeda strategy. The recrudescence recorded after coincides with the rise of ISIS.
View on encontrociencia. A fully informed and favorable outdoor and indoor environment supports and facilitates the achievement of military objectives. Information should be manually categorized for not military audience. View on cmre. Conference Papers.
Threats from Africa undermine the security of Europe. The fundamental role of the Atlantic Alliance is to safeguard the freedom and security The fundamental role of the Atlantic Alliance is to safeguard the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, non-state actors and hybrid threats emerged as the major challenges to international security.
NATO is evolving in response to new strategic reality, and terrorism and weak states are among the most pressing challenges the Alliance faces. NATO is playing an increasingly important role in crisis management and peacekeeping. Since the African Union was established in as the successor to the Organization of African Unity, it faces difficulties in achieving the African ownership in peace and security. The chronic lack of funding and of appropriate military resources, makes the African Union depending on external aid-NATO provides military support, while the EU provides money.
The NATO-EU partnership is complementar and mutual, and is based on common values and strategic interests, and should be strengthened to secure the European southern border, and to guarantee security in the Mediterranean region. This brief paper investigates the ties between these three organizations, and suggests some recommendations to improve the 'trilateral' relationship to ensure security to their member states. View on iep. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link.
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