The impacts of sustainable diets are linked to a number of SDGs, including goals on sustainable agricultural practices, health, water use, and climate change. Promotion and uptake of these diets could therefore offer a route, along with other strategies, to achieving several of the SDGs. Across a large and heterogeneous set of studies, several policy implications are clear: environmental benefits are possible in HICs from shifting current diets to a variety of more sustainable dietary patterns; environmental benefits are largely proportional to the magnitude of meat particularly from ruminants and dairy reduction; and a redoubling of efforts to promote the uptake of diets that support these changes could bring environmental and health benefits.
Included studies, study details, and environmental impacts for GHG emissions, land use, and water use. LA analysed the data and drafted the paper. LA and EJ reviewed the literature. All authors were involved in data interpretation, critical revisions of the paper, and approved the final version. Formal analysis: LA. Investigation: LA EJ. Supervision: RG AH. Visualization: LA.
The Joy of Sustainable Eating
Writing — original draft: LA. Browse Subject Areas? Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Abstract Food production is a major driver of greenhouse gas GHG emissions, water and land use, and dietary risk factors are contributors to non-communicable diseases. Methods Search strategy and selection criteria We conducted a systematic review of studies measuring the environmental impacts of shifting current average dietary intake to a variety of proposed sustainable dietary patterns, and our review is current as of 10 th June Download: PPT.
Analysis and quality assessment Average population-level intakes in the reviewed studies were taken as the baseline diet, with each comparison between a baseline diet and a given sustainable diet categorised as an individual scenario. Results A total of scenarios were extracted from 63 studies. Table 1. Description of the number of reviewed scenarios, by type of sustainable dietary pattern and environmental indicator. Fig 2. Fig 3. Fig 4. Supporting Information. S1 Fig. S2 Fig. S1 File. Systematic review protocol. S1 Table. S2 Table. References 1.
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Tilman D, Clark M. Global diets link environmental sustainability and human health.
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The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK through healthy and realistic dietary change. Climatic Change. View Article Google Scholar Food choices, health and environment: Effects of cutting Europe's meat and dairy intake. Global Environmental Change.
Sustainable diets for the future: can we contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by eating a healthy diet? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Embodied greenhouse gas emissions in diets.
Plos One. Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health. Environmental impact of dietary change: a systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production. The impact of nutritional choices on global warming and policy implications: examining the link between dietary choices and greenhouse gas emissions. Energy and Emission Control Technologies ;— Syst Rev. Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for causes of death, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Am J Clin Nutr.
Environmental footprints of Mediterranean versus Western dietary patterns: beyond the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet. Environmental Health. Modelling the likely impact of healthy eating guidelines on agricultural production and land use in England and Wales.
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Land Use Policy. Impact of a reduced red and processed meat dietary pattern on disease risks and greenhouse gas emissions in the UK: a modelling study. BMJ Open. Food, land and greenhouse gases: the effect of changes in UK food consumption on land requirements and greenhouse gas emissions. The Committee on Climate Change, How low can we go? An assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from the UK food system and the scope to reduce them by WWF-UK, The relative greenhouse gas impacts of realistic dietary choices.
Energy Policy. Reducing our environmental footprint and improving our health: greenhouse gas emission and land use of usual diet and mortality in EPIC-NL: a prospective cohort study. A preliminary assessment of the environmental sustainability of the current Italian dietary pattern: water footprint related to food consumption. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research.
Water footprint of individuals with different diet patterns. Impact of changes in diet on the availability of land, energy demand, and greenhouse gas emissions of agriculture. Energy, Sustainability and Society. Freyer B, Weik S. Impact of different agricultural systems and patterns of consumption on greenhouse-gas emissions in Austria. Environmental and economic sustainability of the Mediterranean Diet.
International journal of food sciences and nutrition. Grabs J. The rebound effects of switching to vegetarianism: a microeconomic analysis of Swedish consumption behaviour. Ecological Economics. Greenhouse gas emission estimates of U. Journal of Industrial Ecology. Greenhouse gas emissions of the US diet: aligning nutritional recommendations with environmental concerns.
Greenhouse gas emissions and the Australian diet—comparing dietary recommendations with average intakes. The impact of healthier dietary scenarios on the global blue water scarcity footprint of food consumption in the UK. Food Policy. Mitigating the greenhouse gas emissions embodied in food through realistic consumer choices. Diet change: a solution to reduce water use?
Environmental Research Letters. Meier T, Christen O. Environmental impacts of dietary recommendations and dietary styles: Germany as an example. Balancing virtual land imports by a shift in the diet. Using a land balance approach to assess the sustainability of food consumption. Germany as an example. Noleppa S. Climate change on your plate. WWF Germany, Noleppa S, von Witzke H.
Tons for the trash. WWF-Germany, Testing a complete-diet model for estimating the land resource requirements of food consumption and agricultural carrying capacity: The New York State example. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. Renault D, Wallender WW. Nutritional water productivity and diets.
Agricultural Water Management. Dietary choices and greenhouse gas emissions—Assessment of impact of vegetarian and organic options at national scale. Progress in Industrial Ecology. Evaluating the sustainability of diets-combining environmental and nutritional aspects. Saxe H.
The Joy Of Sustainable Eating
The New Nordic Diet is an effective tool in environmental protection: it reduces the associated socioeconomic cost of diets. The global warming potential of two healthy Nordic diets compared with the average Danish diet. Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK. Climate change mitigation and health effects of varied dietary patterns in real-life settings throughout North America.
Replacement of meat and dairy by plant-derived foods: estimated effects on land use, iron and SFA intakes in young Dutch adult females. Public Health Nutrition. Possible implications of dietary changes on nutrient fluxes, environment and land use in Austria. Agricultural Systems. A balance of healthy and sustainable food choices for France, Spain, and Sweden. Climate friendly dietary guidelines. Environmental impacts of changes to healthier diets in Europe.
Just eating healthier is not enough: studying the environmental impact of different diet scenarios for the Netherlands by linear programming. Exploring dietary guidelines based on ecological and nutritional values: a comparison of six dietary patterns. Vanham D. The water footprint of Austria for different diets.
The water footprint of the EU for different diets. Ecological Indicators. Greenhouse gas emissions of self-selected individual diets in France: changing the diet structure or consuming less? Stamm A. Carbon footprint of diets of Norwegian households—status and potential reductions. Energy use, blue water footprint, and greenhouse gas emissions for current food consumption patterns and dietary recommendations in the US.
Environ Syst Decis. Defining a nutritionally healthy, environmentally friendly, and culturally acceptable Low Lands Diet.
Bristol's ambition to be UK's first 'Gold' sustainable food city - Bristol Green Capital
Int J Life Cycle Ass. The effect of different types of diet on greenhouse gas emissions in Greece. International Journal on Food System Dynamics. Ethical aspects of life cycle assessments of diets. Towards a sustainable diet combining economic, environmental and nutritional objectives. The Carbon Trust. Methodology and Results Summary. Environmental implications of Swedish food consumption and dietary choices.
Shifting Diets for a Sustainable Food Future. How can the EU climate targets be met? A combined analysis of technological and demand-side changes in food and agriculture. Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change. Achieving dietary recommendations and reducing greenhouse gas emissions: modelling diets to minimise the change from current intakes. Int J Behav Nutr Phy. Meeting future food demand with current agricultural resources. Health outcomes and greenhouse gas emissions from varied dietary patterns—is there a relationship?
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Publication Date:. Look Inside. Table of Contents. Product Description. The four dimensions of sustainable eating: healthy diet, harmony with the environment, social cooperation, and a fair economy Over easy-to-follow vegetarian and nonvegetarian recipes for cooking sustainably--with an emphasis on fresh, seasonal foods that are not only nutritious and tasty but also support the income of local farmers and producers Tips for preparation and cooking that preserve the flavor and nutritional value of our foods Important facts about organically grown foods Guidance on where to find additional resources for a deeper understanding of some of the topics Pointers for achieving sustainability in everyday life — switching to green energy; handling packaging, waste, and trash; saving energy in the kitchen; and more!
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