Manual Structural Design in Building Conservation

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No building is properly conserved if it is not structurally sound. Consequently architects, engineers and conservation officers need an adequate grounding in the technology, the materials and the historic origins of the building in order to complete a conservation project successfully.

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Structural Design in Building Conservation deals with design issues and technical choices, showing how they are integrated with the planning and architectural outcomes in a conservation project. It brings together theory with current conservation technology, discussing the possibilities of structural details and strategies in architectural expression. Case studies are central to this, and these are organised around such themes as the addition of roofs, requalification of space, strengthening and re-use of fabric, repristination, additions, completions, stiffness adjustments, and the correction of past mistakes.

The reader is encouraged to examine the technical details of these real projects, and explore the possible solutions. The philosophy of structural interventions is introduced in the context of conservation theories and practices in various European countries. The first edition of this important book was originally published in , but it is still viewed by most traditional plasterers as the plastering 'bible'.

Now available in this facsimile edition this impressive volume presents a comprehensive coverage of traditional plasterwork, including everything from plain lime plastering through to hand modelling and cast plasterwork. Written by William Millar, who had practical first hand experience of using these methods, the book provides a fascinating and unique record of a craftsman's intimate knowledge of these traditional materials and techniques.

This, the only detailed work currently available on this subject contains: a vital record of craft skills being practised years ago; fully illustrated examples of decorative ceilings and other features; and in depth instructions for making casts and moulds.

This text offers a practical guide to roof construction and maintenance. Written during the Second World War by a roofer, the texts details the contemporary approach to laying and repairing roofs. The text offers useful advice on designs and techniques that we are still using today, and demonstrates the extent to which current practice is rooted in tradition. This book de-mystifies the whole process of carrying out works to churches. It explains what consents are needed; how they can be applied for; and on what basis applications are decided.

The author explores many of the detailed issues that may arise in practice whether the proposal is to move a shelf in the vestry or to embark on a major refurbishment of the whole church. The standard reference work for lawyers, planners and all others working in this area on the law concerning protection of historic buildings, conservation areas and monuments in the UK. Explains how the built heritage is protected, how planning controls apply, powers to bring about repairs, acquisition of historic buildings by public authorities, and the consequences of carrying out works without consent.

This practical book offers a step-by-step guide to the techniques of timber-frame construction. The text walks through projects by the author and other carpenters, and explains each stage of construction with the help of photographs, drawings and in-depth descriptions. A great resource for carpenters, builders and aspiring self-builders.

This book helps practitioners identify the particular issues relating to older buildings and the problems they may encounter when surveying and repairing them. With the use of examples, the author provides invaluable information on how traditional buildings perform, emphasizing the need for a sensitive and sustainable approach which also takes account of the specific needs of the building. The book examines all aspects to be included in any assessment for survey and repair, and points out in detail the potential pitfalls.

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It also explores the controversial issues surrounding the treatment of damp and timber decay, advocating solutions that are appropriate to older buildings rather than using standard, often damaging, methods of treatment. The text offers an accessible introduction to the UK's industrial heritage.

Structural design in building conservation / Dimitris Theodossopoulos. - Version details - Trove

The guide walks through Britain's industrial history, the story behind the rise and fall of specific industries, and the industrial architecture and sites we've that exist today. Finally it tackles the issues surrounding what we do with these sites today. This volume represents a small part of the book Sir Charles Pasley wrote in which detailed his own experiments in the development of artificial cement for military uses.

Whilst much of the first part of Pasley's work is of limited use to those involved with the care of historic buildings today, the section that Donhead has chosen to reprint provides a fascinating insight into the developments using lime during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Michael Wingate's excellent introduction to this edition offers a helpful present day perspective of the work undertaken on lime in that period, and shows how relevant such research is to conservation practitioners and others currently specifying or directly working with lime.

This standard work provides practical guidance on appropriate methods of conservation and repair of earth buildings using traditional materials. It deals with the qualities and characteristics of clay and chalk and the way in which they have been used to construct buildings.

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Advice is given on soil analysis, the philosophy of repair techniques and the factors to be considered before altering, converting or extending an earth building. The author primarily advocates repair techniques using traditional materials but the role and suitability of certain modern materials is also considered. This helpful handbook gives valuable advice on how to adapt historic buildings to make them more environmentally friendly.

The text gives a step-by-step guide to issues such as how to save energy, how to generate it from renewable sources, how to maintain the essence of a building while renovating as well as where to find suppliers, funding and permission. This simple, easily accessible and well structured text is a great asset for anyone involved in the maintenance and adaption of a historic building. A holistic view of timber decay in buildings and its treatment.

Section 1 discusses timber as a living material, Section 2 deals with decay organisms and their habitat requirements. Section 3 moves on to the building as an environment for timber and discusses the ways in which wood responds to moisture change. Section 4 ends with an approach to timber decay which integrates knowledge on the decay organism, its requirements and natural predators with appropriate and targeted chemical treatments.

This book is a comprehensive guide to the common causes of structural damage. It examines the techniques for collecting evidence including desk study, visual inspection, distortion survey, testing and ground investigation as well as offering advice on managing liability. Each appraisal is unique. A wide range of investigative techniques are described covering most of the circumstances that are likely to occur in practice. The second edition has been substantially re-written and includes new material on structural behaviour; initial appraisal; building types; use of iron in buildings; and the problems that occur with buildings built on clay.

Conservation and Sustainability in Historic Cities examines how the two key issues of urban conservation and sustainability relate to each other in the context of historic cities, and how they can be brought together in a common philosophy and practice that is mutually supportive. It sets out the theoretical and practical background to architectural conservation and how its perceived relevance and level of attainment can be extended when harnessed to wider agendas of sustainability and cultural identity.

It tests the achievement of urban conservation through examples from across Europe and further afield and relates them to the sustainability agenda. This guide to care and conservation is written from the perspective of The National Trust and is particularly useful for its advice on the protection of interior finishes, fittings and furnishings. Saunders' work offers an insight into the work of The Friends of Friendless Churches. The organisation is dedicated to maintaining architecturally significant places of worship, and now owns 38 former churches. The text works through all 38 buildings, giving a beautifully illustrated account of their history and significance, as well as providing information on the organisation itself.

Sawyer's seminal work was first published in It offers straightforward practical instruction on the tried and tested methods of plastering as it was practised in the traditional way before the Second World War. It includes very useful drawings of the different features, including the tools, running moulds and geometry for setting out. The chapter describing running mouldings in situ will be of particular interest to the conservation practitioner since this method is now rarely used, but is considered the correct way to repair historic plasterwork.

This important study, first published in , provides a general account of the factors which cause decay of building stones and a summary of the best methods to reduce the incidence of decay. The book discusses weathering associated with natural defects inherent in stone. It then examines issues of weathering caused by bad workmanship or errors in the selection of material. Decay through chemical and natural physical phenomena are discussed in detail. The final sections offer useful advice on how to prevent long term decay through appropriate repair, replacement and cleaning of stone.

A short introduction to the use of non-hydraulic lime mortars, renders and washes, well illustrated with line drawings. This authoritative book offers contributions from leading practitioners and scholars presenting an assessment of the current state of conservation in the UK. In addition to tracing the developments in conservation over the past fifty years it raises concerns about the ambivalence within government towards heritage protection.

It considers the need for a clear understanding of the value of architectural heritage; the importance of training; adequate funding for maintenance, and support at a local and community level. It also discusses the role of the amenity societies and provides a useful comparison of the national and regulation driven process operating in the UK with the US local and incentive driven approach. This volume offers valuable insights into the nature of decay processes and the factors that control them.

It presents several studies on the impact of pollution on stonework in urban environments. The effectiveness of stone treatments within the laboratory is also considered in detail. Drawing closely on the work of Regeneration through Heritage a Business in the Community initiative , this compilation explores urban regeneration initiatives and policies in Britain and examines the potential of industrial buildings for conservation and re-use.

Terracotta and faience glazed terracotta became of considerable significance in the development of the American Scyscraper after the Chicago fire of and subsequently in the architecture of Victorian and Edwardian city centres throughout Britain, not least for the ornamentation which was frequently lavished upon it. This book details the historic development and use of the material and is very well illustrated.

Although only the last chapter deals with conservation issues, the book is essential reading for anyone involved with the conservation of terracotta buildings. Architectural Conservation in Europe and the Americas acts as a comparative guide to conservation of cultural heritage throughout Europe and the Americas. The text analyses the similarities and differences between different countries approaches to the topic, and offers contextual explanations for these differences.

Overall, the text offers a brilliant overview of western conservation practice, making it an essential read. Men from the Ministry explores the British state's amassment of buildings, monuments and sites in the first half of the twentieth century. This thought provoking text places the movement in it's historical and social context, discussing the state of trauma and turmoil the UK was in between the two great wars, and the nation's need for a cultural protectionism movement.

This text is a really interesting well-written read and well-worth some of your time. Verrall's book starts at a basic level then progresses to more complex work and provides copious drawings and diagrams to illustrate the material. He presents detailed information on the characteristics of different plaster and their uses, the varieties of lathing available and how to apply and finish flat lime plaster. It also explains how to set up and run different types of mouldings, the casting of mouldings and uses of fibrous plaster.

L J Vicat's investigations into the nature and use of limes first appeared in this English language edition in It is of immense interest and importance as it critically reviews the practices of time sifting the good ones from the bad by careful experiment. The classification which he prepared is still valid today and enables the best possible use to be made of any lime, particularly for hydraulic works. Contents: Limestones, calcination of limestone, hydraulic limes, slaking of limes, expansion of limes, hydrate of lime, sands and their qualities, pozzolanas, mortars or cements intended for immersion, exposed to the weather, or subjected to constant damp soil, natural cements, ancient mortars other theories of calcareous mortars and cements.

A short guide from one of the leading authorities on the topic to the historic development of chapels and meeting houses in England and their future. One of the classic works in the field of stone masonry, E G Warland's book, which was first published in , remains an essential reference for stone masons and conservation practitioners working with historic buildings. It provides a clear and simple guide to the subject, based on meticulous and beautiful drawings. Organized in three section, it includes chapters on construction details; methods of working particular structural shapes; both basic and advanced geometry and setting out.

It also includes forms and tables omitted from later editions to be used as templates for costing and estimating work. These are as relevant today as they were in the s. With a new introduction by Christopher Weeks. Building Pathology provides an interdisciplinary approach to the study of building defects and the appropriate remedial action.

It considers how a building's structure and its materials relate to its environment, its occupants and the way the building is used, so as to develop a better understanding of building failures. The conference entitled 'Where Conservation Meets Conservation', held at De Montfort University, Leicester on 9 September provided the opportunity to explore the interface between historic buildings and their contents by recognizing the interrelationships between architectural and object conservation.

Within this, consideration was given to the role of conservation science and technology in achieving appropriate and sustainable solutions. The emphasis of the conference was on raising awareness at a practical interdisciplinary level and providing a platform for sharing knowledge and experience. This book focuses on the unique nature of the principles involved in surveying historic buildings. It offers a well structured guide to inspecting and reporting on the condition of older buildings, and takes into consideration the traditional materials and techniques used in their construction.

Part I summarises the basics of surveying practice, including the inspection, assessment, defect diagnosis and monitoring of defects. Part II examines the building elements, discussing the form of construction and their symptoms and diagnosis. This section features concise inspection checklists for ease of reference.

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Lawrence Weaver's design reference work appeared in , and is now available from Donhead in this re-printed facsimile edition. It describes and documents many examples of decorative leadwork, which being durable and attractive lends itself in its simplicity to a multitude of forms. Whilst examining in detail the history and workmanship to be found on fonts, statues, urns and vases, the book also includes more modest structures such as pipes, pipeheads and rain-water cisterns. The author also explores the use of lead in roofing, particularly for spires, steeples and domes, and points out that it is one of the most efficient of roofing materials, giving many excellent examples of its use on Sir Christopher Wren's churches in London.

It was written at a time when traditional building resources such as brick and timber were in short supply, and there was a need to consider the potential for using alternative materials in construction. Whilst earth building has not developed significantly in the UK since this book appeared, the recent efforts of the sustainable architecture movement has helped to stimulate an interest in constructing new earthen buildings.

This, coupled with an increasing awareness of the importance of conserving and maintaining our existing stock of earth structures, will ensure this work will be of considerable value not just as a historical document but as a practical source of advice and guidance. This concise guide tracks the development of British interiors over the centuries. The work considers both the change in attitude towards interior spaces, and the progression of British fashion, decor, and furniture. Beautifully illustrated and easy to follow, the text is a useful guide for anyone interested in British interiors.

This text examines the Victorian reinvention of the Medieval architectural style. Beautifully illustrated, the text offers a comprehensive guide on the most significant buildings of this period and how to recognise the style. Eurocode 6 supersedes BS Codes of Practice for Stone Masonry and includes several standards and national annexes.

BS EN provides general rules on structural fire design; BS EN covers design considerations, selection of materials and execution of masonry; and BS EN provides simplified calculation methods for unreinforced masonry structures. BS sets out good practice in roof slating and tiling, and covers a wide variety of traditional materials.

Users intending to adopt any of these recommendations for old roofs, and especially for historically or architecturally important buildings, are advised to consult with the local planning authority or an appropriate conservation organization to check their suitability. It sets out requirements that detail how to perform electrical installations safely. BSI's text on the conservation of historic buildings offers thorough guidance on all the stages of managing and treating historic structures.

This is a great text to go to for general advice as well as suggestions for further reading. Provides guidance on the characteristics of surface deposits and the principal cleaning methods in use for the removal or partial removal of deposits from the original surface or substrate of a building.

The standard supersedes BS Bookshop This list of recommended publications covers conservation legislation and technology, architectural history and sustainability. Recently added titles Chapels of England: Buildings of Protestant Nonconformity Christopher Wakeling This book is the first substantial synoptic account of Nonconformist church architecture in England and aims to provide a history of Nonconformist architecture, using existing buildings wherever possible. To buy see here Living Buildings - Architectural Conservation, Philosophy, Principles and Practice Donald Insall This book presents a detailed examination of a painstaking approach to architectural conservation, comprehensively illustrated by case-studies, drawings, plans and in-depth descriptions.

To buy see here Books by author, A-Z Hydraulic Lime Mortar Geoffrey Allen This best practice guide to using hydraulic lime mortar is the result of a research project by the UK Limes team which studied the performance application and classification of hydraulic limes for the construction industry. To buy see here Measurement and Recording of Historic Buildings R Ashton, P Swallow and D Watt This book provides a practical guide to measured buildings surveys with a special emphasis on recording the fabric of historic buildings.

To buy see here Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone J Ashurst and F Dimes A comprehensive reference source for conservation providing theory and practical guidance combining the original two volumes. To buy see here Cleaning Historic Buildings Volume 1 N Ashurst Volume 1 Substrates, Soiling and Investigations Includes: The methods of assessment and investigation required prior to cleaning; types of soiling including biological, non biological and other staining; the characteristics of masonry substrates and the cleaning of metals and timber.

To buy see here Cleaning Historic Buildings Volume 2 N Ashurst Volume 2 Cleaning Materials and Processes Includes: Selecting a cleaning method which doesn't damage the fabric of the building, the merits and defects of the methods available, and the key to achieving success in each case. To buy see here Brick and Clay Building in Britain RW Brunskill This new edition includes a fascinating account of how bricks, brick files and terracotta have been made and used from medieval times to the present day, along with an illustrated glossary, a chronological photo survey, appendices, and bibliography.

To buy see here Timber Buildings In Britain RW Brunskill Divided into four sections, the first of which deals with cruck construction, box-frame and post-and-truss assembling and the problems of roof construction and concludes with flooring, partitions and the decorative work applied to timber, this work is a vivid history of timber architecture. To buy see here Vernacular Architecture, an Illustrated Handbook RW Brunskill A new edition of the classic handbook, fully updated, with 24 pages of additional illustrations and text. To buy see here Masonry, Bricklaying and Plastering Robert Scott Burn Robert Scott Burn wrote this book in at a time of great developments in science, industry and exploration, and when materials for engineering and building were constantly being improved and replaced.

To buy see here Appraisal of existing iron and steel structures M Bussell Provides guidance on the appraisal, reuse and, where necessary, the strengthening of existing iron and steel structures, concentrating on building structures that were conceived and built before the present era of limit-state design. To buy see here The Elements of Style Stephen Calloway There are a number of beautifully illustrated books on the market which attempt to describe all the details found in houses over the centuries, from skirtings and floorings to light fittings and plaster mouldings.

To buy see here Decorative Plasterwork in Ireland and Europe: ornament and the early modern interior Christine Casey, Conor Lucey This volume approaches decorative plasterwork in Ireland and Europe from a broad range of perspectives. To buy see here Conservation of Timber Buildings FWB Charles In this authoritative volume, first published in , the author looks at the various types of structure generally associated with the timber-frame tradition. To buy see here Lime and Lime Mortars reprint of Building Research Station report, AD Cowper Lime and Lime Mortars was first published in by the Building Research Station to provide a classification of lime and a 'state-of-the-art' review of its various uses in building construction and repair.

To buy see here Encyclopaedia of Architectural Terms James Stevens Curl The Encyclopaedia of Architectural Terms, now reprinted as a paperback edition, provides a comprehensive, clearly written, practical guide to the terminology used in the various aspects of architecture and building. To buy see here Georgian Architecture in the British Isles, James Stevens Curl This text offers a comprehensive guide to buildings constructed on the British Isles from to To buy see here The Craft of Stonemasonry Chris Daniels An excellent read, this book is both instructive and informative.

To buy see here The Care and Conservation of Georgian Houses, 4th Edition Andy Davey, Bob Heath, Desmond Hodges, Mandy Ketchin and Roy Milne Now in its fourth fully revised and updated edition, this book fulfils the need for a practical handbook for owners and architects concerned with the maintenance of stone-built eighteenth century buildings. To buy see here British Theatres and Music Halls John Earl British Theatres and Music Halls offers an alternative perspective on theatres as valuable testimonies to the societies that created them.

To buy see here Cements, Limes and Plasters Edwin Eckel Edwin Eckel's exceptionally detailed volume, published in , presents a wealth of information drawing on his own research as well as the work of all the eminent international authorities in the field of lime mortars and cements. To buy see here Modern Practical Joinery: A Treatise on the Practice of Joiner's Work by Hand and Machine George Ellis This invaluable reprint of the practical joinery manual provides a wide variety of turn-of-the-century joinery details and an insight into the techniques used.

To buy see here English Heritage Practical Building Conservation Series: Building Environment English Heritage Building Environment, looks at the interaction between building materials and systems and their surroundings and how this may lead to deterioration, outlining the evolution of building envelope design and environmental control systems.

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To buy see here English Heritage Practical Building Conservation Series: Conservation Basics English Heritage Conservation Basics gives a brief history of building conservation in the UK, illustrating the context behind the conservation frameworks prevalent today. To buy see here English Heritage Practical Building Conservation Series: Glass and Glazing English Heritage Glass and Glazing details the history and development of glass and it's treatment, then uses this understanding to curve the way the text looks at potential conservation methods, their advantages and their pitfalls.

To buy see here English Heritage Practical Building Conservation Series: Metals English Heritage Metals offer an in depth discussion of a key material in historic buildings, discussing it's historical application, advancement, deterioration as well as the common methods of restoring metals and their long term impacts. To buy see here English Heritage Practical Building Conservation Series: Timber English Heritage Timber scopes a wide range of subjects, with discussions spanning from its employment as a structural support to its use in joinery.

To buy see here London's West End Cinemas Allen Eyles with Keith Skone Eyles beautifully illustrated text offers the stories of every cinema in the West End, starting with the first to be built and continuing to present day. To buy see here Historic Floors, Their History and Conservation Jane Fawcett Historic Floors introduces an important and largely neglected subject and considers conservation methods in a European context.

To buy see here Romanesque Architecture Eric Fernie Eric Fernie's in depth text on Romanesque architecture traces the style from it's origins in the ninth and tenth centuries all the way through to the fourteenth century. To buy see here Heritage J M Fladmark This book deals with policy, methods and techniques for the stewardship of land and our cultural assets.

To buy see here Understanding Historic Building Conservation Michael Forsyth Understanding Historic Building Conservation discusses conservation philosophy and the importance of understanding the history of a building before making strategic decisions. To buy see here Access to the Historic Environment: meeting the needs of disabled people Lisa Foster Access for disabled people in historic settings is more than just a temporary ramp over the front steps for a wheelchair user.

To buy see here The Conservation Movement: a history of architectural preservation, antiquity to modernity Miles Glendinning Glendinning's work traces the development of the 'Conservation Movement', it's entangled relationship with modern politics, and the changing ideologies behind the movement. To buy see here Discovering Timber Framed Buildings Richard Harris A concise but invaluable introduction to historic timber framed buildings and their details in England by one of the leading authorities.

To buy see here Stone Conservation: Principles and Practice Alison Henry The conservation of stone buildings and monuments requires not only a good understanding of the essential repair techniques, but an ability to diagnose problems and to identify the appropriate remedial action that may be required. To buy see here Building Scotland: The Traditional Building Materials of Scotland Moses Jenkins Scotland's traditionally built environment is one of its most unique and cherished features. Your Account Logout. Structural Design in Building Conservation. By Dimitris Theodossopoulos.

Edition 1st Edition. First Published