Pepper recordings made extensive use of reduction mixing , a technique in which one to four tracks from one recorder are mixed and dubbed down onto a master four-track machine, enabling the engineers to give the group a virtual multitrack studio. The production on "Strawberry Fields Forever" was especially complex, involving the innovative splicing of two takes that were recorded in different tempos and pitches. Pepper is Martin and Emerick's liberal use of signal processing to shape the sound of the recording, which included the application of dynamic range compression , reverberation and signal limiting.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band " was the first example of the Beatles recording via direct injection DI , which Townsend devised as a method for plugging electric guitars directly into the recording console. ADT was invented by Townsend during the Revolver sessions in especially for the Beatles, who had regularly expressed a desire for a technical alternative to having to record doubled lead vocals. During the recording of Lennon's vocals, the tape speed was reduced from 50 cycles per second to 45, which produced a higher and thinner-sounding track when played back at the normal speed.
MacDonald credits the new recording technique with creating a "three-dimensional" sound that, along with other Beatles innovations, engineers in the US would soon adopt as standard practice. Pepper was the first pop album to be mastered without the momentary gaps that are typically placed between tracks as a point of demarcation. Author Robert Rodriguez writes that while Lennon, Harrison and Starr embraced the creative freedom afforded by McCartney's band-within-a-band idea, they "went along with the concept with varying degrees of enthusiasm".
Pepper became "an assembly process" whereby, "A lot of the time it ended up with just Paul playing the piano and Ringo keeping the tempo, and we weren't allowed to play as a band as much. After finishing Sgt. Pepper , the Beatles took an acetate disc of the album to the American singer Cass Elliot 's flat off King's Road in Chelsea , where at six in the morning they played it at full volume with speakers set in open window frames.
The group's friend and former press agent, Derek Taylor , remembered that residents of the neighbourhood opened their windows and listened without complaint to what they understood to be unreleased Beatles music. Pepper , according to American musicologist Allan F. Moore, is composed mainly of rock and pop music , while Michael Hannan and Naphtali Wagner both believed it is an album of various genres; Hannan said it features "a broad variety of musical and theatrical genres". Pepper as " proto-progressive ". Concerns that some of the lyrics in Sgt.
Pepper refer to recreational drug use led to the BBC banning several songs from British radio, such as "A Day in the Life" because of the phrase "I'd love to turn you on", with the BBC claiming that it could "encourage a permissive attitude towards drug-taking. The author Sheila Whiteley attributes Sgt. Pepper 's underlying philosophy not only to the drug culture , but also to metaphysics and the non-violent approach of the flower power movement. Pepper 's lyrics, identifying loss of innocence and the dangers of overindulgence in fantasies or illusions as the most prominent themes.
Pepper opens with the title track, starting with 10 seconds of the combined sounds of a pit orchestra warming up and an audience waiting for a concert, creating the illusion of the album as a live performance. McCartney acts as the master of ceremonies near the end of the "Sgt. Despite widespread suspicion that the title of "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" contained a hidden reference to LSD, Lennon insisted that it was derived from a pastel drawing by his four-year-old son Julian. A hallucinatory chapter from Lewis Carroll 's novel Through the Looking-Glass , a favourite of Lennon's, inspired the song's atmosphere.
MacDonald considers "Getting Better" to contain "the most ebullient performance" on Sgt. I couldn't express myself and I hit". The dominant, which acts as a drone , is reinforced through the use of octaves played on a bass guitar and plucked on piano strings. Womack interprets the lyric to "Fixing a Hole" as "the speaker's search for identity among the crowd", in particular the "quests for consciousness and connection" that differentiate individuals from society as a whole. In Everett's view, the lyrics to " She's Leaving Home " address the problem of alienation "between disagreeing peoples", particularly those distanced from each other by the generation gap.
Pepper that eschews the use of guitars and drums, featuring a string nonet with a harp and drawing comparison with " Yesterday " and " Eleanor Rigby ", which use a string quartet and octet respectively. Lennon adapted the lyric for "Being for the Benefit of Mr. You were supposed to hear the audience anyway, as they listen to Sergeant Pepper's Show. That was the style of the album. MacDonald characterises McCartney's "When I'm Sixty-Four" as a song "aimed chiefly at parents", borrowing heavily from the English music hall style of George Formby , while invoking images of the illustrator Donald McGill 's "seaside postcards".
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Womack characterises "Lovely Rita" as a work of "full-tilt psychedelia" that contrasts sharply with the preceding track. The track uses the bluesy mixolydian mode in A, which Everett credits with "perfectly express[ing] Lennon's grievance against complacency". Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Reprise " serves as a bookend for the album and a segue to its finale. The hard-rocking song was written after the Beatles' assistant, Neil Aspinall, suggested that since "Sgt.
Pepper" opened the album, the fictional band should make an appearance near the end. As the last chord of the "Sgt. Pepper" reprise plays, an acoustic guitar strumming offbeat quavers begins, [nb 18] introducing what Moore describes as "one of the most harrowing songs ever written". The first crescendo serves as a segue between the third verse and the middle part, leading to a bridge known as the "dream sequence". Martin and Emerick obliged by adding 90 milliseconds of tape echo.
As "A Day in the Life" ends, a kilohertz high-frequency tone is heard; it was added at Lennon's suggestion with the intention that it would annoy dogs. Lennon can be heard saying, "Been so high", followed by McCartney's response: "Never could be any other way. According to Womack, with Sgt. Pepper 's opening song "the Beatles manufacture an artificial textual space in which to stage their art.
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Pepper is called the first concept album, but it doesn't go anywhere Further, he suggested that most of the other songs were equally unconnected, stating: "Except for Sgt. Pepper introducing Billy Shears and the so-called reprise, every other song could have been on any other album". In MacFarlane's view, the Beatles "chose to employ an overarching thematic concept in an apparent effort to unify individual tracks".
In a interview, McCartney said that the Liverpool childhood theme behind the first three songs recorded during the Sgt. Pepper sessions was never formalised as an album-wide concept, but acknowledged that it served as a "device" or underlying theme throughout the project. Pepper that are "too persuasive to ignore". These include evocations of the postwar Northern music-hall tradition, references to Northern industrial towns and Liverpool schooldays, Lewis Carroll-inspired imagery acknowledging Lennon's favourite childhood reading , the use of brass instrumentation in the style of park bandstand performances recalling McCartney's visits to Sefton Park ,  and the album cover's flower arrangement akin to a floral clock.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, standing with a group of life-sized cardboard cut-outs of famous people. Berman Ltd.
Right next to the Beatles are wax sculptures of the bandmembers in their suits and moptop haircuts from the Beatlemania era, borrowed from Madame Tussauds. The 30 March photo session with Cooper also produced the back cover and the inside gatefold, which musicologist Ian Inglis describes as conveying "an obvious and immediate warmth So with Michael Cooper's inside photo, we all said, 'Now look into this camera and really say I love you! Really try and feel love; really give love through this!
These consisted of a postcard-sized portrait of Sgt. Pepper, based on a statue from Lennon's house that was used on the front cover, a fake moustache, two sets of sergeant stripes, two lapel badges, and a stand-up cut-out of the Beatles in their satin uniforms. The cover collage includes 57 photographs and nine waxworks that depict a diversity of famous people, including actors, sportsmen, scientists and — at Harrison's request — the Self-Realization Fellowship gurus Mahavatar Babaji , Lahiri Mahasaya , Sri Yukteswar and Paramahansa Yogananda.
Wells , Oscar Wilde and Dylan Thomas. Actor Leo Gorcey 's image was painted out after he requested a fee. Pepper was given a rush-release in the UK, where it had originally been scheduled for 1 June. The US release followed on 2 June. Pepper was widely perceived by listeners as the soundtrack to the Summer of Love,  during a year that author Peter Lavezzoli describes as "a watershed moment in the West when the search for higher consciousness and an alternative world view had reached critical mass". The closest Western Civilization has come to unity since the Congress of Vienna in was the week the Sgt.
Pepper album was released. In every city in Europe and America the radio stations played [it] For a brief while the irreparable fragmented consciousness of the West was unified, at least in the minds of the young. According to Riley, the album "drew people together through the common experience of pop on a larger scale than ever before". Pepper was played in kiosks and stands there, and festival staff wore badges carrying Lennon's lyric "A splendid time is guaranteed for all".
American radio stations interrupted their regular scheduling, playing the album virtually non-stop, often from start to finish. Pepper ' s initial commercial success exceeded that of all previous Beatles albums. The release of Sgt. Pepper coincided with a period when, with the advent of dedicated rock criticism , commentators sought to recognise artistry in pop music, particularly in the Beatles' work, and identify albums as refined artistic statements. The vast majority of contemporary reviews of Sgt. Pepper were positive, with the album receiving widespread critical acclaim.
Pepper as a "pop music master-class" and wrote admiringly of its use of "vivid" bass lines that partly recalled the Alberti tradition in classical music. He found "plenty of electronic gimmickry on the record" before concluding: "but that isn't the heart of the thing. It's the combination of imagination, cheek and skill that make this such a rewarding LP.
Newsweek 's Jack Kroll called Sgt. Pepper a "masterpiece" and compared its lyrics with literary works by Edith Sitwell , Harold Pinter and T. Pepper as a "spoiled" child and dismissed it as "an album of special effects, dazzling but ultimately fraudulent". Among the commentators who responded to Goldstein's critique,  composer Ned Rorem , writing in The New York Review of Books , credited the Beatles with possessing a "magic of genius" akin to Mozart and characterised Sgt.
Pepper as a harbinger of a "golden Renaissance of Song". Pepper album one thinks not simply of the history of popular music but the history of this century. Pepper as "a consolidation, more intricate than Revolver but not more substantial". He suggested that Goldstein had fallen "victim to overanticipation", identifying his primary error as "allow[ing] all the filters and reverbs and orchestral effects and overdubs to deafen him to the stuff underneath, which was pretty nice".
Although few critics in agreed with Goldstein's criticism of the album, many later came to appreciate his sentiments. Pepper appeared vacuous against the emotional backdrop of the political and social upheavals of American life, and he described it as "playful but contrived" and "a Day-Glo tombstone for its time". Pepper appeared "bound to a moment" amid the year's culturally important music that had "dated in the sense that it speaks with unusually specific eloquence of a single point in history". Christgau said of the album's "dozen good songs and true", "Perhaps they're too precisely performed, but I'm not going to complain.
Writing in , Lester Bangs — the so-called "godfather" of punk rock journalism — said that "Goldstein was right in his much-vilified review Rock and roll is not an 'art form'; rock and roll is a raw wail from the bottom of the guts. Pepper as "the last great pop album, the last LP ambitious to amuse everyone ". In his feature article on Sgt. Pepper ' s 40th anniversary, for Mojo , John Harris said that, such was its "seismic and universal" impact and subsequent identification with , a "fashion for trashing" the album had become commonplace.
Citing its absence from the NME ' s best-albums list in after it had topped the magazine's previous poll, in , Harris said that its lack of critical favour in the UK was such that it had become "the most underrated album of all time", adding:. Though by no means universally degraded Pepper had taken a protracted beating from which it has perhaps yet to fully recover. Regularly challenged and overtaken in the Best Beatle Album stakes by Revolver , the White Album, even Rubber Soul , it suffered more than any Beatles record from the long fall-out after punk, and even the band's Britpop -era revival mysteriously failed to improve its standing.
Pepper as "a revelation of how far artists could go in a recording studio with only four tracks, plenty of imagination, and a drug or two", but also "a masterwork of sonics, not songwriting". Pepper will continue to cast its considerable spell. Looking back from a point when its sonic innovations have been integrated into the mainstream, it remains a wonky, colourful and wildly improbable pop classic, although a little slighter and less cohesive than it may have seemed at the time. Pepper has long been subsumed under "an avalanche of hyperbole", the album retains an enduring quality "because its sum is greater than its whole These guys weren't just recording songs; they were inventing the stuff with which to make this record as they went along.
He concludes: "After Sgt. Pepper , there were no rules to follow — rock and pop bands could try anything, for better or worse. Pepper as the album that "revolutionized rock and roll". Pepper was "the catalyst for an explosion of mass enthusiasm for album-formatted rock that would revolutionize both the aesthetics and the economics of the record business in ways that far out-stripped the earlier pop explosions triggered by the Elvis phenomenon of and the Beatlemania phenomenon of ".
Moore says that "The beginnings of progressive rock are normally traced to [ Sgt. Pepper ]", a development he attributes to the album's self-conscious lyrics, its studio experimentation, and its efforts to expand the barriers of conventional three-minute tracks. Pepper "is widely regarded as the first true concept album in popular music".
Pepper was the record that made that idea convincing to most ears. Pepper that familiarised critics and listeners with the notion of a "concept and unified structure underlying a pop album", thus originating the term "concept album". Pepper to the beginning of art rock ; Julien considers the latter a "masterpiece of British psychedelia". According to historian David Simonelli, Sgt. Pepper established the standard for rock musicians, particularly British acts, to strive towards in their self-identification as artists rather than pop stars, whereby, as in the Romantic tradition, creative vision dominated at the expense of all commercial concerns.
Pepper cover collage. Pepper "copycat LPs". Pepper "can be heard as a crucial postmodernist moment", through its incorporation of self-conscious artistry, irony and pastiche, and "arguably marked rock music's entry into postmodernism as opposed to high-modernism". In Moore's description, the album "seems to have spoken in a way no other has for its generation".
He also said that in the context of , Sgt. Pepper conveyed the psychedelic experience so effectively to listeners unfamiliar with hallucinogenic drugs that "If such a thing as a cultural ' contact high ' is possible, it happened here. Pepper had "defined the year" by conveying the optimism and sense of empowerment at the centre of the youth movement.
Pepper "remains a central pillar of the mythology and iconography of the late '60s",  while Colin Larkin states in his Encyclopedia of Popular Music : "[it] turned out to be no mere pop album but a cultural icon, embracing the constituent elements of the 60s' youth culture: pop art, garish fashion, drugs, instant mysticism and freedom from parental control.
Pepper achieved "a combination of popular success and critical acclaim unequaled in twentieth-century art Pepper has attained the kind of populist adoration that renowned works often assume regardless of their larger significance — it's the Beatles' ' Mona Lisa '. According to Rodriguez, an element of exaggeration accompanied some of the acclaim for Sgt. Pepper , with particularly effusive approbation coming from Rorem, Bernstein and Tynan, "as if every critic was seeking to outdo the other for the most lavish embrace of the Beatles' new direction".
Pepper , established American publications such as Vogue , Playboy and the San Francisco Chronicle started discussing rock as art, in terms usually reserved for jazz criticism. Pepper , you had to try to write something as good as Sgt. Because, of course, what made that record beautiful was the beautiful response it created in you; if your written response was true to your listening response, the writing would stand on its own as a creation on par with the record.
In MacFarlane's opinion, Sgt. Pepper 's most important musical innovation is its "integration of recording technology into the compositional process". Pepper track that best exemplifies this approach. Pepper "people then started thinking that you could spend a year making an album and they began to consider an album as a sound composition and not just a musical composition.
The idea was gradually forming of a record being a performance in its own right and not just a reproduction of a live performance. Pepper , the producer's role "ballooned almost overnight". According to Julien, Sgt. Pepper represents the "epitome of the transformation of the recording studio into a compositional tool", marking the moment when "popular music entered the era of phonographic composition.
Pepper represents the group's last unified effort, displaying a cohesion that would begin deteriorating immediately following the album's completion and that had entirely disappeared by the release of The Beatles in Pepper , "There was a very good spirit at that time between all the Beatles and ourselves. We were all conscious that we were doing something that was great. In terms of quantity, it wasn't great, but in terms of quality, it was enormous.
Pepper as "kaleidoscopic" and an "orchestral baroque pop masterpiece the likes of which has rarely been matched since". Inglis notes that almost every account of the significance of Sgt. Pepper emphasises the cover's "unprecedented correspondence between music and art, time and space". Pepper — would have seemed like "fanciful conceit". Pepper 's "cover has been regarded as groundbreaking in its visual and aesthetic properties, congratulated for its innovative and imaginative design, credited with providing an early impetus for the expansion of the graphic design industry into popular music, and perceived as largely responsible for the connections between art and pop to be made explicit.
Riley describes the cover as "one of the best-known works that pop art ever produced",  while Norman calls it "the most famous album cover of all time". Pepper cover in its list of British masterpieces of twentieth-century art and design, placing it ahead of the red telephone box , Mary Quant 's miniskirt , and the Mini motorcar. Pepper appeared on the Billboard albums chart in the US for non-consecutive weeks through Pepper was among the top 20 best-selling albums of all time worldwide.
Pepper has topped many "best album" lists. In , Rolling Stone placed Sgt. Pepper at number one in the magazine's list of the " Greatest Albums of All Time ", describing it as "the pinnacle of the Beatles' eight years as recording artists". Pepper ] has been called the most famous album in the history of popular music. It is certainly among the most written about.
It is still being written about. Pepper as "quite simply, the most important and influential rock-and-roll album ever recorded". The album inspired the off-Broadway musical Sgt. Pepper Live , by the American band Cheap Trick. Pepper album, a release that Moore recognised as "the most audacious" of all the interpretations of the Beatles' LP up to Pepper , arranged by Ethan Iverson , plus six original compositions by Iverson.
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This work received its world premiere in Liverpool on 25 May , as part of the 50th anniversary celebrations of the album's release. On 26 May , Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was reissued for the album's 50th anniversary as a six-disc box set.
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The first CD contains a new stereo remix of the album produced by Giles Martin. Created using modern and vintage technology, the mix retains more of the idiosyncrasies that were unique to the original mono version of Sgt. Unlike the original album, first-generation tapes were used rather than their subsequent mixdowns , resulting in a clearer and more spacious sound. The set includes four CDs as well as a documentary and 5.
Pepper topped the UK Albums Chart after its release. In the US, the album sold 2,, copies by 31 December and 3,, copies by the end of the decade. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the album. For other uses, see Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band disambiguation. The Beatles. Rock pop psychedelia art rock. We were fed up with being the Beatles. We really hated that fucking four little mop-top approach. We were not boys, we were men Music papers started to slag us off Pepper ] took five months to record, and I remember the great glee seeing in one of the papers how the Beatles have dried up Listening to each stage of their recording, once they've done the first couple of tracks, it's often hard to see what they're still looking for, it sounds so complete.
Often the final complicated, well-layered version seems to have drowned the initial simple melody. But they know it's not right, even if they can't put it into words. Their dedication is impressive, gnawing away at the same song for stretches of ten hours each. We didn't really shove the LP full of pot and drugs but, I mean, there was an effect.
We were more consciously trying to keep it out. You wouldn't say, "I had some acid, baby, so groovy," but there was a feeling that something had happened between Revolver and Sgt. The beginning of the first verse of "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band". MacDonald praises McCartney's "screaming hard rock vocal", and Martin regards the song as "the most identifiably 'Beatles' sound" on Sgt.
The beginning of "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds". The recording utilises the sound of a tambura blended with a Lowrey organ , creating what Hannan regards as one of the album's "most unusual sound combination[s]". We're not trying to outwit the public. The whole idea is to try a little bit to lead people into different tastes.
Hannan writes: "The rich timbres of the clarinets give the mix a fuller, fatter sound than many of the other tracks on the album. The "dream sequence" from "A Day in the Life". Womack describes the "sarcastic brass retort" that ends the sequence as the "most decisive moment" on Sgt.
Further information: List of images on the cover of Sgt. Pepper ' s arrival in late spring came at a most opportune moment in Western cultural history: mainstream journalism had at last warmed to the idea that the "rock" world The wind was at their back, and they knew it. It was inevitable that some of the critical assessment of subsequent generations would grumble. Some have griped about the archness of the band-within-a-band concept, the elaborate studio artifice, the dominance of McCartney's songs routinely but unfairly considered as lightweight and bourgeois , the virtual freezing out of George Harrison … and the only episodic interest of a perpetually tripping Lennon.
In Sgt. Pepper 's intricate aural tapestry is the sound of four men rebelling against musical convention and, in doing so, opening wide the door for the sonic experimentation that launched hard rock, punk, metal, new wave, grunge and every other form of popular music that followed. Equal credit [for Sgt. Pepper ] is now justifiably placed with George Martin He shaped glorious songs, fantazmagorical lyrics with melody and harmony and pushed recording technique into unknown waters.
Wiener, the album's intended release date of 1 June has been "traditionally observed" over the ensuing decades, yet the true release date was 26 May. Pepper ", described by Portis as "two outstanding figures in English show business".
Will Pepper was the manager of an Edwardian concert party called "Will C. Pepper's White Coons". Pepper never would have happened Pepper was an attempt to equal Pet Sounds.
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Pepper marks the emergence of McCartney as the Beatles' de facto producer, as Martin was increasingly absent near the end of late-night sessions that often lasted until dawn. Pepper" reprise was crossfaded into "A Day in the Life". The screaming that is heard as the song segues into "With a Little Help from My Friends" was overdubbed from one of Martin's recordings of the Beatles performing at the Hollywood Bowl. Pepper Reprise " and "A Day in the Life" differs between the mono and stereo versions of the album; the former has the final note of "Reprise" hit the first chord of "A Day in the Life", leaving no time in between the two songs.
The stereo mix, however, has a small pause between the final note of "Reprise" and the first chord of "A Day in the Life", making the chord more easily audible. Lennon stated that he "didn't copy the accident. Tara didn't blow his mind out, but it was in my mind when I was writing that verse. Pepper closes with nonsensical vocals just as Freak Out! Pepper as being "in other places, grown-up to an unprecedented, indeed perilous, degree". He concludes of this combination: "Its superabundance reflected a conscious wish on the Beatles' part to make amends to their fans for their abandonment of touring.
Clamped between headphones in a recording studio, they managed to put on a live show more exciting, more intimate , than any since they'd left the Cavern. Pepper cover piqued a frenzy of analysis. He notes several elements of the cover that were interpreted as evidence of McCartney's death, including: the Beatles are supposedly standing about a grave, the hand above McCartney's head is regarded as a "symbol of death", and on the back cover, he is turned away from the camera.
Pepper cover as "a microcosm of the Underground world". It's a pretty major compliment in anyone's book. I put that down as one of the great honours of my career. He adds that some negative letters were sent to Melody Maker that he speculates were written by jazz enthusiasts. He also said that, underneath the production when "the compositions are stripped to their musical and lyrical essentials", the LP was shown to be "an elaboration without improvement" on the group's music.
Pepper is tinged with conceit. Pepper as "a flawed masterpiece that can only echo the strength of Revolver ". To, you know, shake them up and force them to actually make rock 'n' roll again. It's time to make way for great new music. Pepper , Revolver , the Beach Boys' Pet Sounds , and the Who 's Tommy are variously cited as "the first concept album", usually for their "uniform excellence rather than some lyrical theme or underlying musical motif". Pepper sessions. Pepper second followed by the White Album. Pepper was ranked third to Revolver and Radiohead 's The Bends.
Pepper , EMI refused the request based upon what was then company policy. While Peter Blake received a gold disc for his contribution to the album cover, Emerick did not receive one for his contribution to the album's recording, however; in he received a Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. Library of Congress. Retrieved 19 November Pepper Special". Retrieved 23 August Pepper was the ghost of either Will Pepper or his son Harry S. Pepper, two outstanding figures in English show business.
Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 April Pepper "grew naturally out of Revolver ". Retrieved 2 February Pepper ". Bloomsbury Press. Retrieved 28 October London: Emap. Pepper cover secondary source , Miles , p. Pepper cover featured the Beatles as the imaginary band alluded to in the album's title track, standing with a host of celebrities secondary source ; The Beatles , p. Courrier Picard in French.
Retrieved 8 November The Irish Times. National Post. Retrieved 5 May Official Charts Company. Retrieved 11 November The History of Rock. Available at Rock's Backpages subscription required. Retrieved 3 November Retrieved 5 November The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 28 April Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band ".
Retrieved 3 December The A. Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 26 May The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 October Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 10 August In Brackett, Nathan ; Hoard, Christian eds. Retrieved 23 March Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band staff review ". Retrieved 22 June Pepper': Getting better all the time". Press of Atlantic City.
BBC News. Retrieved 10 June BBC Music. Retrieved 4 November Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 21 March The Rough Guide to Jazz 3rd ed. London: Rough Guides. The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March Stylus Magazine. Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 21 July Pepper A Signpost To Prog? Louder Sound. The Independent. Pepper at The Beatles' masterpiece changed popular music". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 1 January Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 14 April The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 7 May Add to cart. Be the first to write a review About this product. About this product Product Information This amazing guitar guidebook is packed full of valuable information. It delivers detailed information on music theory, tuning your guitar, chords, chord theory, reading notes and tablature and basic guitar maintenance.
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