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References in periodicals archive? Dana is a supplier of engineered drive line , sealing and thermal-management technologies for vehicles with both conventional and alternative-energy power trains. Dana announces dividend of USD0. Depth control rings lend further impact protection to the tool body, and reduce shock loading to the mechanical or hydraulic drive line , www.

Call us at Our tech crew takes care of your hybrid vehicle. And if you have one not on this list, bring it in, too.

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Our techs are hybrid-trained. Ask about a safety check next time you bring your car or SUV in for maintenance. Vehicle Safety Checklist Conduct your own safety check, too, by keeping an eye on the following: Tire wear and alignment Tailights, headlights and all external lights Engine fluid levels Hose, belt, and especially Serpentine belt wear Engine coolant and hoses Safety belt and airbag systems Wiper blades and window cleaning fluid. Concerned about the safety of your vehicle or about any of the items in the Vehicle Safety Checklist? If your vehicle fails, our team can:. Explain the meaning of smog check failure codes Offer repair advice Repair smog systems if needed.

Make it easy; make it quick. Call ahead for an appointment — — or drop in for your next smog check. And today? Now, your regularly scheduled maintenance — that 30,mile, 60,mile and up maintenance service — takes care of most of your tune-up needs. Between-Service Tune-ups Depending on how your vehicle is driven, and where, you may need a between-service tune-up. Your vehicle will idle rough, start slow, lose pick-up, or show diminished mileage per gallon.

Keep your car running smooth and safe. From major brake repair and replacement to simple brake adjustments, our tech team excels. We work on all brake systems ABS brake maintenance Disc or drum repair and maintenance Repair and installation of brake pads, shoes, rotors, discs, drums, master cylinders — anything your brakes need, nothing more Minor maintenance Major repair and replacement. Brake warning light is on Brakes make a grinding sound or a high-pitched squeak. Brakes are built to be relatively quiet When braking, your vehicle pulls to one side Brake pedal is either too spongy or too hard You feel a pulsating or vibrating when you brake You detect the odor of burnng brakes Your brake pedal goes down too far Every 3, miles, along with your oil change.

Your brakes are critical to the safety of your vehicle. If you have any questions or concerns about them, call us at Clutch Problems Clutch problems can occur at almost any mileage and for a wide variety of reasons. When the clutch pedal is released and the clutch disc starts to rub against the flywheel and pressure plate, it generates friction and heat.

Is Your Clutch Acting Up?

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The friction material on the disc becomes worn and pressure starts to drop, causing it to slip. Clutch issues may be caused from an oil leak or a bad driveshaft, motor mount, linkage, hydraulic system, flywheel, mounting or worn parts. Quality parts are very important because of load and continual use. No one likes to drive a car that chatters.

Clutch repair consists of removing the transmission or transaxle, plus the related systems, to enable access.

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Lessee A company that has obtained vehicles by leasing them. Lessor A leasing company. Lift Bar A transverse horizontally pivoting member attached to the boom of a wheel lift or an underlift for attaching frame or wheel-lift devices. Also called Cross Bar.

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Lift Gate See Elevating Gate. Lift-tow Rating Rating of a wrecker or recovery vehicle that gives the maximum weight of a vehicle to be towed. Light Bar An array of lamps used in accordance with local ordinances. Light Pylon Structure upon which a light and or light bar is mounted.

This weight is used for EPA testing and compliance. Light-truck Tire A tire designated by its manufacturer as primarily intended for use on lightweight trucks or multipurpose passenger vehicles. Load Cell A device used to measure a load. Longitudinal Body members attached to and running the length of an underframe.

Also called Longrails, Longsills, Risers, or Stringers. Longrails See Longitudinal. Lower Rail Lower framing member of front, sides, and occasional rear sections of a van body. The leasing company provides insurance and all maintenance and covers depreciation. Manufacturer Individual company engaged in the manufacturing or assembling of motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment, including any party importing same, for resale as defined by the DOT for vehicle certification.

Marker Lights Amber and red lights attached to the vehicle body which indicate overall length. Maximum Load Rating The load rating at the maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire. Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight The sum of curb weight, passengers, and cargo. Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated.

Maximum Rolling Grade Gradeability Greatest grade a vehicle is able to climb while under motion. Maximum Speed The speed attainable by accelerating at maximum rate from a standing start for one mile. Maximum Starting Grade Gradeability Greatest grade on which a vehicle is able to start from a complete stop. Approximately 9 10ths of Rolling Gradeability. Maximum Sustained Vehicle Speed Highest speed a vehicle can maintain under full load conditions on level ground.

Monocoque Construction A light weight type of construction, commonly utilized in van type semitrailers, where the sides of the vehicle bear a substantial part of the load in shear which is transmitted to the upper coupler and undercarriage assemblies through side rails, crossmembers and end structures. Mounting Devices Usually U bolts, tie down clamps, and or straps to secure a van body to a chassis cab.

Front wheel drive mechanism - Drive shaft explained

Mounting Height Distance from top of chassis cab frame to bottom of body floor. Mounting Subframe Subframe members securely affixed to a truck chassis frame. Mud Flap Deflecting shield at rear of wheels, required by regulation. Also called Splash Guard.

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  4. See Splash Guard. Multiplexing The process of transmitting several different signals or information streams via a single carrier. This occurs by combining the signals into one common signal that efficiently moves through the carrier. Multipurpose Passenger Vehicle MPV Means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a low-speed vehicle or trailer, designed to carry 10 persons or less which is constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation.

    The Association represents nearly 1, companies that manufacture, distribute, install, buy, sell and repair commercial trucks, truck bodies, truck equipment, trailers and accessories. Many buyers of work trucks fleets and the major commercial truck chassis manufacturers also belong to the NTEA. NHTSA Abbreviation for National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the federal agency responsible for promulgating and ensuring compliance of regulations dealing with the manufacture and certification of motor vehicles. See DOT. Nominal Rating An arbitrary classification of truck capacity in tons, such as: half-ton, three-quarter ton, one ton, ton and a half, two tons, five tons, etc.

    Some motor vehicle regulations are included that apply to vehicles used in off-highway job sites. Compliance is the responsibility of the vehicle owner. Odometer A mileage counter that registers total miles traveled. Located on the dial section of most speedometers. Off-Road Slow speed operations over uneven surfaces such as lumbering operations, oil field work, geological surveying, operations at mining sites, road construction and other major construction sites.

    Responsible for developing and implementing national motor carrier standards and intermodal hazardous materials regulations and issuing interpretations and reviewing state laws and regulations. In this category are most highway units not operated over regular routes such as farm trucks, dump trucks, concrete mixers, lumber delivery, trucks, etc.

    Open Top A body without a permanent top assembly. OSHA Abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the Federal agency which promulgates and ensures compliance of regulations dealing with on the job safety and health. Some motor vehicle regulations are included that apply to vehicles used in off Outriggers Folding or sliding leg devices attached to trucks to give additional support down to the ground for maximum stability.

    Overall Vehicle Height Distance from the ground to the highest point on the vehicle. Overall Vehicle Width Refers to the nominal design dimension of the widest part of the vehicle, exclusive of signal lamps, outside rearview mirrors, flexible fender extensions and mud flaps, determined with doors and windows closed and the wheels in the straight-ahead position. Overhang a The horizontal distance from the center line of the hinge to the rear of the body on a tilting body b The distance from the center of the rear axle s to the rearmost surface of the truck body.

    Usually applies to nontilting bodies. This means that four six-volt batteries some trucks carry four batteries will still produce only six volts, but will have four times the energy potential. Payload The weight of the commodity being hauled. Payload capacity is computed by subtracting the completed weight of the vehicle including driver and passengers from the GVWR. Peddle Truck or Shuttle Truck Terms for the city delivery trucks owned by a long-distance hauler.

    Percent of Grade The figure used in computing the power requirements of a truck. Usually taken at the steepest grade a truck will be required to climb on its route. Percent of grade is determined by dividing the height of a hill by its length. Pintle Hook Hook mounted on a truck or semi-trailer used to couple a full trailer. A small PTO driving gear in the transmission gives a low pitch line velocity; a larger gear gives a correspondingly higher pitch line velocity.

    May be equipped with hydraulic cylinders to tilt and slide platform. Ply Rating A standard unit of tire casing strength, based on the strength of cotton plies. This term is used to indicate the load-carrying ability of a given tire. It is an index of tire strength and does not necessarily represent the number of cord plies in the tire.

    Pole Trailer A motor vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another motor vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle. Used for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections.

    Power Curve A graphic illustration of maximum output of horsepower and torque at all operating speeds.

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    These curves are established from data obtained by running a sample engine on an engine dynamometer. Curves are established using bare operable engine and with standard accessories. Net power figures those using standard accessories are used in vehicle performance calculations. Power Divider Usually a small auxiliary gear box or chain-driven device to allow distribution of drive shaft power to several different mechanical devices mounted on the same truck. Power take-offs can be mounted on either a main or auxiliary transmission.

    Front-mounted and flywheel-mounted power take-offs are also used in various applications. Power Train All the components that handle the engine power from the truck engine to the driving wheels. This includes transmissions, drive shafts, as well as differentials and driving axles. Push Bumper Device used to push a vehicle, sometimes equipped with a rubber face. Pusher Axle An auxiliary axle installed in conjunction with the rear axle s of a truck chassis.

    A pusher axle is installed ahead of the drive axles, thus shortening the length of the wheelbase. Rear Axle Ratio The numerical ratio of the drive shaft speed to the speed of the rear axle. Reefer Slang for insulated van body equipped with refrigeration for controlling temperatures. Reflectors Glass or plastic prism lenses which reflect light. Regrooved Tire A tire, either original tread or retread, on which the tread pattern has been renewed or a new tread has been produced by cutting into the tread of a worn tire to a depth equal to or deeper than the molded original groove depth.

    Resisting Bending Moment RBM A calculation used to compare frames of different section modulus and of different material. It is the product of the section modulus times the yield strength of the frame material. The RBM should, therefore, be taken into account whenever frames of unlike material and section modulus are being compared. See Yield Strength. Ridge Pole Member that can be located in center longitudinally on an open top van body to support a tarpaulin in a tent like manner. Rim Pull See Tractive Effort.

    Road Rolling Resistance A measure of the retarding effect of the road surface to forward movement of the vehicle. Varies with the type and condition of the road as different road surfaces offer various resistances to the wheels of a truck. A concrete surface offers This is a vital factor in determining power and power train requirements.

    Rolling Radius Height measured from center of axle to the ground. Roof Bow Transverse member in roof of body. Roof Rail Member running longitudinally that connects the roof to the side of a body. Rope Ties Rings, hooks, cleats or knobs attached to body wall frame members for use with lashing either inside or outside; liner slats or bars attached to wall frame members for lashing.

    Rub Rail Member running longitudinally providing rub surface on the side of a body. Safety Chains Chain assemblies used to connect the towing and towed vehicles as a secondary coupling system. School Bus A bus that is sold or introduced in interstate commerce for purposes that include carrying students to and from school or related events.

    Does not include a bus designed and sold for operation as a common carrier in urban transportation. This energy is then returned to the drive system during subsequent operations. Semitrailer A trailing unit that is supported in the rear by its own suspension system and at the front by the towing vehicle. This type of unit is sometimes supported by a separate suspension unit with towing provisions thus becoming a full trailer. An exception is the utility-type trailer, house trailer, etc. Serial Number A number stamped on a metal plate by the manufacturer and placed on a component or the vehicle for identification purposes.

    Set-back Front Axle The front steering axle is normally as close to the front of the vehicle as the design and wheel and tire size permit. The purpose of moving the axle rearward is to increase loads applied to the front axle and increase maneuverability. Standard type front-axle setting generally enables more economical cab construction and meets axle spread requirements of states using the Bridge Formula.

    Shipping Weight The dry weight of a complete truck with all standard equipment including grease and oil but without any fuel or coolant. Short Chain Method of attaching a tow sling to a towed vehicle so that the tow chains support the entire load. Side Rails Upper or lower extensions of the body sides that run longitudinally, front to back. Standard rear-axle gearing is single reduction, i. In certain heavy-duty applications a double reduction is desirable. This permits a greater gear reduction in a smaller gear case, thus allowing better road clearance and more compact design.

    Slideback Cylinder A hydraulic cylinder, usually a long stroke, mounted horizontally at front of body used to slide body forward or rearward. Snatch Block A single or multiple pulley used to reduce cable load or change cable direction. Spacer Block Used in conjunction with 4x4 wood beam to provide additional clearance between the tow bar, chains and body of the vehicle.

    Spade One or more hydraulically operated ground-penetrating feet designed primarily to resist rearward movement. Speedability The speed a vehicle will attain based on engine power, gross weight, power train efficiency, air resistance, grade resistance and road type.

    Splash Guard See Mud Flap. Spring Capacity 1 Capacity at Pad: The total weight that the spring can support in its maximum position; 2 Capacity at Ground: The total weight that the spring can support in its maximum position plus a portion of the weight not supported by the springs. Stabilizers Hydraulic or manually operated leg devices attached to trucks to give additional support down to the ground for improved stability.

    Examples are outboard legs, outriggers and jack legs. Stake Pockets Apertures in the floor or sides of bodies for the reception of stakes. Stakes Metal or wood posts by means of which sides are attached to platforms; when used alone stakes are a means of retaining loads on flat deck platforms. Steering Wheel Lock Independent device used to secure the steering wheel of a towed vehicle. Stationary Lighting Loads Vehicle electrical loads that provide lighting on stationary vehicles for work area protection or safety e. Stopping Distance The distance traveled by a vehicle from the point of application of force to the brake control to the point at which the vehicle reaches a full stop.

    Stroke 1 In engines, the distance traveled by a piston from top dead center to bottom dead center; 2 Maximum distance traveled by the piston in an air or hydraulic cylinder. Sub Pan Horizontal surface installed either between or above crossmembers prior to insulation and installation of flooring in reefers. Suction Line A tubular connection between a reservoir or tank and the inlet of a hydraulic pump. Supply Tank An oil reservoir used in the hydraulic system.

    Sustainability The use of methods, systems and materials that minimize or avoid resource depletion and harm to natural cycles. Swing Axle A drive axle arrangement found on some passenger cars and some light-duty trucks. Lower unsprung weight is one advantage of this system. Universal joints are required on each half of the drive axle to accommodate the vertical motion.

    Synchronized or Synchromesh Transmission A truck transmission with built-in devices to automatically match the rotating speeds of the transmission gears. Tag Axle An auxiliary axle installed in conjunction with the rear axle s of a truck chassis. A tag axle is installed behind the rearmost axle, thus extending the length of the wheelbase. See Tandem Axle. Tail Plate Rearmost part of the towing or recovery vehicle body. Tandem Axle Two axles mounted as a group three axles placed together are often referred to as a Tri-axle Tandem.

    There are three tandem-axle drive types: 1 Dual-drive Tandem, both axles have drive mechanisms and are connected to the engine power unit; 2 Pusher Tandem, only the rearmost axle is a driving type and forward unit is free rolling load-carrying only , commonly called Dead Axle; 3 Trailing Axle Tandem Tag Axle , forward unit of tandem is a driving type while rear unit is freely rolling.

    Two trailer axles are also called tandem axles. Tare Weight The total weight of an empty vehicle in a condition ready to receive payload.