The Komodo dragon's sense of smell is its primary food detector. It then moves the forked tip of its tongue to the roof of its mouth, where it makes contact with the Jacobson's organs. If the concentration of molecules present on the left tip of the tongue is greater than that sample from the right, the Komodo dragon knows that the deer is approaching from the left. At times, these reptiles can smell carrion, or rotting flesh, up to 2.
This lizard's large, curved and serrated teeth are its deadliest weapon, tearing flesh with efficiency. The tooth serrations hold bits of meat from its most recent meal, and this protein-rich residue supports large numbers of bacteria.
Komodo dragon - Wikipedia
Some 50 different bacterial strains, at least seven of which are highly septic, have been found in the saliva. Researchers have also documented a venom gland in the dragon's lower jaw. The Komodo's bite may be deadly, but not to another Komodo dragon.
Those wounded while sparring with each other appear to be unaffected by the bacteria and venom. Scientists are searching for antibodies in Komodo dragon blood that may be responsible. The lizard's throat and neck muscles allow it to rapidly swallow huge chunks of meat. Several movable joints, such as the intramandibular hinge, open its lower jaw unusually wide. The dragon's stomach also easily expands, enabling an adult to consume up to 80 percent of its own body weight in a single meal.
When threatened, Komodo dragons can throw up the contents of their stomachs to lessen their weight in order to flee. Komodo dragons are efficient eaters, leaving behind only about 12 percent of their prey. They eat bones, hooves and sections of hide, as well as intestines after swinging them to dislodge their contents. Because large Komodos cannibalize young ones, the young often roll in fecal material, thereby assuming a scent that the large dragons are programmed to avoid.
Young dragons also undergo rituals of appeasement, with the smaller lizards pacing around a feeding circle in a stately ritualized walk. Their tail is stuck straight out and they throw their body from side to side with exaggerated convulsions. Determining the sex of a Komodo dragon is challenging for researchers, as no obvious morphological differences distinguish males from females. One subtle clue is a slight difference in the arrangement of scales just in front of the cloaca.
Courtship opportunities arise when groups assemble around carrion to feed, and mating occurs between May and August.
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Dominant males compete for females in ritual combat. Using their tails for support, they wrestle in upright postures, grabbing each other with their forelegs as they attempt to throw the opponent to the ground. Blood is often drawn, and the loser either runs away or remains prone and motionless. Additionally, unfertilized eggs may have a second chance with subsequent mating.
No evidence of parental care for newly hatched Komodos exists. The hatchlings weigh less than 3. At 5 years old, they weigh about 55 pounds 25 kilograms and average 6. At this time, they begin to hunt larger prey. They continue to grow slowly throughout their lives. If the prey escapes, it will die within 24 hours of blood poisoning because the Komodo's saliva contains 50 strains of bacteria, according to National Geographic. With its fantastic sense of smell, the Komodo will find the dead animal and finish its meal. According to the San Diego Zoo, while recent research suggests that Komodo dragons are venomous due to their saliva, more studies are needed before making such a conclusion.
Komodo dragons are generally solitary outside of mating season. Males maintain and defend a territory and patrol up to 1. Komodo dragon mothers will also build decoy nests to confuse predators and keep her eggs safe. Then she will incubate the grapefruit-sized eggs for around three months. This group of eggs is called a clutch. This means that they don't need a male to fertilize an egg for it to hatch. Creating offspring without the help of the opposite gender is called asexual reproduction.
Komodo dragons can reproduce through both sexual and asexual reproduction. There is no evidence that parents care for newly hatched Komodos, according to the Smithsonian Zoo. At birth, baby dragons are only 12 inches 30 centimeters long. As soon as they hatch, the young will run away and climb up trees to avoid being eaten by their mother or other Komodos. When they are 4 years old and around 4 feet 1. Those that survive can look forward to a long life.
A Komodo can live to more than 30 years. Komodo dragons are a species of monitor lizard, which are large reptiles found in Africa and across Asia. Captive dragons consume only about kg of meat a year and captives are often overweight. In comparison, a mammalian predator like the wolf, weighing about half that of an adult Komodo, needs about 1,kg of meat a year. The Komodo dragon is an avid hunter. But if sufficient food is available, scavenging is generally preferred as it takes less energy than hunting.
Komodo dragons are among the smartest lizards. Like other hunters, they have learned hunting skills and the behavior of their prey.
Komodo Dragon Hunts and Eats Monkey [ Wild Animal Fights ]80
In addition, they have acute hunting senses. The Komodo's keen sense of smell is its primary food detector. It can detect dead animals up to 8.
When it arrives at the food source, it will not eat until it has touched the potential food with its tongue. Dragons also have good eyesight and can see as far away as m. Their eyes are better at picking up movement than at discerning stationary objects. Their retinas possess only cones, so they may be able to distinguish color but have poor vision in dim light. Once thought to be deaf, dragons do hear but a limited range, probably between to hertz.
They are insensitive to low-pitched voices and high-pitched screams. They lie, well camouflaged and motionless, along game paths used by animals going to waterholes. When the prey animal is about a metre away, the Komodo ambushes it. If the prey is a large animal, the Komodo dragon goes for the leg, tearing the hamstring.
When the animal is down, it then goes for the throat and belly. If the prey if small, it goes directly for the throat and belly.