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He died on June 28, in Montpelier, Virginia. He was the Secretary of State under president Thomas Jefferson. He became the fourth president of America in and served for 8 years until Dolley's sister had married George Steptoe Washington who was a nephew of president Washington. He was 57 years old when he was inaugurated as the fourth president.

Biography of President James Madison

Madison's inaugural jacket was woven from the wool of sheep raised at his home in Virginia. George Clinton and Elbridge Gerry stood as Vice presidents. For additional facts refer to his Presidential Cabinet members.

American Presidents: Life Portraits - James Madison

Short Biography of James Madison: What he was like! Facts and Info: James Madison was the smallest president, weighing pounds, and standing just 5 feet and 4 inches tall.

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He was the first president to wear long trousers instead of knee breeches All the previous presidents wore knee breeches as dictated by the fashion of the era. The war began over British violations of American shipping rights and during the clash Washington, including the White House, was burned. He also suffered from frostbite to the nose which occurred when he was out campaigning for the First Congress in Frostbite is caused by exposure to extreme cold when the skin is frozen and it can result in gangrene.

James Madison was lucky as the injury only resulted in a scar on his nose.

James Madison Biography

His last words said on his death bed were "I always talk better lying down. Video of President James Madison The short biography of James Madison provides a fast overview of the key facts and events about his life and the accomplishments of his presidential term in office. The following James Madison video enables you to sit back and listen to the history of his personal and political life - a useful educational resource for kids, children and schools learning about the life of President James Madison.

Cookies Policy Privacy Statement. James Madison Biography. The Life span of James Madison: - In Madison was chosen to represent Virginia in the Continental Congress and Although originally the youngest delegate, he played a major role in the deliberations of that body.

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  8. Meantime, in the years , he had again sat in the Virginia House of Delegates. He was a guiding force behind the Mount Vernon Conference , attended the Annapolis Convention , and was otherwise highly instrumental in the convening of the Constitutional Convention in He had also written extensively about deficiencies in the Articles of Confederation.

    Madison was clearly the preeminent figure at the convention. Some of the delegates favored an authoritarian central government; others, retention of state sovereignty; and most occupied positions in the middle of the two extremes. Madison, who was rarely absent and whose Virginia Plan was in large part the basis of the Constitution, tirelessly advocated a strong government, though many of his proposals were rejected. Despite his poor speaking capabilities, he took the floor more than times, third only after Gouverneur Morris and James Wilson.

    Madison was also a member of numerous committees, the most important of which were those on postponed matters and style.

    Early Years

    His journal of the convention is the best single record of the event. He also played a key part in guiding the Constitution through the Continental Congress. Playing a lead in the ratification process in Virginia, too, Madison defended the document against such powerful opponents as Patrick Henry, George Mason, and Richard Henry Lee.

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    In New York, where Madison was serving in the Continental Congress, he collaborated with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in a series of essays that in appeared in the newspapers and were soon published in book form as The Federalist This set of essays is a classic of political theory and a lucid exposition of the republican principles that dominated the framing of the Constitution.

    In the U. House of Representatives , Madison helped frame and ensure passage of the Bill of Rights. He also assisted in organizing the executive department and creating a system of federal taxation. As leaders of the opposition to Hamilton's policies, he and Jefferson founded the Democratic-Republican Party.

    The father of the Constitution

    In Madison married a vivacious widow who was 16 years his junior, Dolley Payne Todd, who had a son; they were to raise no children of their own. Madison spent the period in semiretirement, but in he wrote the Virginia Resolutions, which attacked the Alien and Sedition Acts.

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    While he served as Secretary of State , his wife often served as President Jefferson's hostess. In Madison succeeded Jefferson. Like the first three Presidents, Madison was enmeshed in the ramifications of European wars.