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PDF Philosophy of the Talmud (Routledge Jewish Studies Series)

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The texts feature an exceptional figure of a first-person narrator in many passages that build the backbone of its complex discourse. While this author-persona seems at times to be an anonymous storyteller or preacher character, the text also spins many subtle links to the Biblical prophet Elijah himself. Another, nearly contemporary tradition of Pirqe de-Rabbi Eliezer ca.

Philosophy of the Talmud by Hyam Maccoby (Hardback, 2002)

The connection to R. Finally, a comparative perspective may shed some light on similar developments in the surrounding Syriac-Christian, Muslim, Persian cultures of the Geonic period that might have induced new concepts of authorship and narration in Jewish texts. Abstract Medicine, healing and healthcare in Late Antiquity were contested fields populated with a broad variety of Abstract Medicine, healing and healthcare in Late Antiquity were contested fields populated with a broad variety of practitioners.

Their expertise often exhibit an astonishing overlap with other fields of knowledge philosophy, religion, magic in theory and practice. This paper will address different types of socio-medical interactions between Jews and non-Jews or rabbis and non-rabbinic experts regarding healing, pharmacology, midwifery and nursing. The discussion will also pay attention to cultural concepts and parallels in other ancient healing traditions that shaped the Talmudic discourse on practical healthcare. View on religiousstudies.

View on as. View on cjs. Rabbinic literature might be described as hermeneutic conversations with earlier traditions. Due to its canonical or authoritative status, especially the Bible provoked manifold interpretations and re-writings to fill gaps and explore Due to its canonical or authoritative status, especially the Bible provoked manifold interpretations and re-writings to fill gaps and explore alternative narrative venues. Such re-tellings of biblical accounts tend to create frictions and, thus, challenge previous views.

Paradoxically, it is precisely these innovative or creative approaches through which biblical traditions were transmitted, actualized in order to maintain their religious and cultural authority. This paper will focus on creative accounts about the prophet Elijah 1 Kings in Seder Eliyahu Zuta SEZ , a multi-farious tradition from early medieval time.

Project MUSE - The Philosophy of the Talmud (review)

Mainly concerned with questions of ethical lifestyle and righteous conduct, the text conveys a complex discourses on Jewish identity by playfully blending literary genres and strategies. On the first level of re-telling, after a fierce confrontation between Ahab and the zealous prophet, SEZ stages the encounter between Elijah and God as an instructive dialogue on divine mercy and forgiveness towards Israel.

On the second level, the intertextual dialogue between two narratives about personal theophany — to Elijah at mount Horeb and to Moses at mount Sinai — is reenacted in SEZ chs. Third, while SEZ seems to depict Elijah first as an unregenerate hotspur, a second look reveals the broader transformative function of this passage.

Thus, attentive readers will notice the change in attitude between the biblical Elijah and the alleged author figure of the text Eliyahu. This wandering prophet, preacher and teacher resembles the image of the prophet in Jewish tradition, who now, however, focuses on instruction and out-reach while promoting the ideas of mercy and solidarity, so highly valued throughout the work. A discussion of this particular portrayal in SEZ will help to figure out some of the cultural dynamics that might have shaped its discourse on Jewish identity and ethics in geonic time.

View on grk-konzepte-mensch-natur. View on blogs. View on maryjahariscenter. This paper focuses on the medical knowledge that can be found in rabbinic texts of Late Antiquity. The Talmudic literature comprises four main traditions — the basic authoritative text, the Mishnah early 3rd c. In striking contrast to Greco-Roman culture, the Jewish medical discourse in Late Antiquity was always embedded in other discursive contexts. So, both Talmudim provide in passing many singular, and at times complex and detailed, medical passages about physiology, anatomy, therapies, remedies, diet and regimen etc.

Still, sometimes we find even more coherent frameworks, clusters and lists even pharmacopoeia that point to elaborated medical discussions, well integrated in their thematic contexts. This talk will address the theoretical and practical knowledge of natural substances or crude drugs plants, animal parts, minerals and metals for healing purposes as attested in Talmudic literature.

The paper will analyze these therapeutical advices with regard to their terminology, their conceptual structure and their discursive and literary embeddeness in varying religious-normative contexts.

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Moreover, we will compare the knowledge on remedies in the two Talmudic traditions against the backdrop of the medicinal traditions in their surroundings. Besides being used as a therapeutic or curative measure venesection Besides being used as a therapeutic or curative measure venesection was also practiced for preventive purposes. Thus, especially in the Greek medical tradition and its system of the balance of humours, venesection was used to cure illnesses caused by the overabundance of blood plethora. In general, in Graeco-Roman culture bloodletting became one important element in the day-to-day routine of healthy living, or diet and regimen.

Rabbinic traditions and Talmudic sources seem to exhibit a good degree of familiarity with both therapeutic and prophylactic types of venesection. Interestingly, the evidence in the Western, i. Palestinian, sources is rather scarce, while the Eastern or Babylonian Talmud is replete with information. This paper will give an overview about the Talmudic discourse on bloodletting in its literary context. Who were those described practitioners? What do the texts tell us about the medical circumstances of venesection, and which precautions were taken?

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Can we identify divergent attitudes of the rabbis towards this particular practice? These questions will help to grasp the complexity of rabbinic medical knowledge in different cultural milieus and may provide a basis for comparison with later developments. View on southampton.

Mainly concerned with questions of ethical lifestyle and righteous conduct, the texts integrate complex discourses on their own Mainly concerned with questions of ethical lifestyle and righteous conduct, the texts integrate complex discourses on their own Jewish identity in dialogue with proto- Karaite, Christian, Persian and Islamic cultural and religious ideas. These dialogues, while focussing mainly on exegetical, theological and ethical topics, shape the core issues of a Jewish religious and cultural identity agreeable to the authors.

In this talk I will discuss various literary patterns and their discursive functions in those encounters. The change of characters and the mode of interplay between them in various contexts will be addressed. Are there references to intra- and inter-religious polemics or rather instruction and inclusion? How are religious issues presented to the reader and why? These questions will help to figure out how the discourse contributes to Jewish identity formation and which cultural dynamics maybe reflected here? Knowledge of the body and bodies of knowledge — depicting Jewish medical thought in Talmudic tradition.

View on ucl. Attention shall be paid to metaphorical or pictorial Attention shall be paid to metaphorical or pictorial language and its culturally specific usage within the medical discourse. Structural and conceptual similarities and differences between Talmudic and other medical traditions will be discussed in light of the transfer of knowledge. The interplay between medical, halakhic, ethical and ritual discourses is of crucial importance for a broader understanding of the Talmudic medical body of knowledge in Late Antiquity.

Such texts form part and parcel of a Jewish scientific discourse, both as a medium and a method of knowledge acquisition. Throughout their legal-religious discussions, the Babylonian and Palestinian Talmudim deal also with medical issues. When the Talmuds were edited in the 5th-7th centuries AD, medicine was already a well-developed science. In the In the Babylonian Talmud one can discern not only traces of Greek medicine, but also of earlier Mesopotamian medicine.

When the Babylonian Talmud was composed, Mesopotamia was under Sassanian rule, and although it is commonly assumed that Mesopotamia resisted Hellenization, a bulk of medical advices concerning "Diet and Regimen" within rabbinic literature is preserved in the Babylonian Talmud. The Greco-Roman practice of bloodletting and the food one should consume or avoid afterwards is often discussed in the Babylonian Talmud, but occurs less in the Palestinian Talmud. We will ask if this knowledge was transmitted and trasnfered into the Babylonian Talmud through Palestinian rabbis.

View on nomadit. View on eabs. View on iak-alte-medizin. Eine solche Analyse zielt auf kulturspezifische Verwendungsmuster sowie die diskursiven Strategien der Metaphorisierung ab. Almut-Barbara Renger und Prof. Renger, T. Sala, A. Earlier scholarship on liturgy, prayer and minhag was very much focused on studying only the immediate context of those subjects in the Jewish prayer books siddurim. Some studies also mined rabbinic literature and Geonic responsa for However, this strict separation or seclusion began to disintegrate and former academic boundaries became blurred in the last decades.

This holds true not only in case of the recent interest in the interplay between Midrash and Piyyut. Moreover, also the later midrashic traditions seem to be an important source for the formation of prayers, liturgy and minhagim.


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Also in Tanchuma and other homiletical Midrashim one finds a variety of similar phenomena. This paper addresses the interweaving of prayers, benedictions and other liturgical elements with the narrative framework of one specific tradition. The texts display a unique, though hybrid, character between a moral guidebook for righteous conduct and learned exposition i. Several passages about blessings and prayers establish a strong connection between the liturgical sphere and the ethical agenda of the text. Moreover, the possible functions of such passages in an inclusive discourse of instruction shall be discussed.

This might help to understand the role of midrashic traditions in the formative period of rabbinic culture and Jewish liturgy. Late Midrashic Texts as Terra Incognita? On the medical discourse s in the two Talmudim more. The Talmudic literature comprises four main traditions — the basic authoritative text is theMishnah early 3rd ct. In striking contrast to Greco-Roman culture, was the Jewish medical discourse in Late Antiquity always embedded in other textual corpora.

Up to the Middle Ages no Hebrew or Aramaic book was exclusively concerned with medicine. However, both Talmudim contain many single and sometimes also complex and detailed medical teachings about physiology, anatomy, therapies, remedies, diet and regimen etc. Rather than forming systematical structures this information is generally scattered throughout the whole Talmudic corpus and provides medical knowledge en passant in different contexts.

Still, in some instances one can find more coherent frameworks, clusters and other textual structures that point to elaborated medical discussions, well integrated in their thematic contexts. This comparative approach focuses on passages about therapeutic advices, mainly in form of cures, pharmacological recipes or more general advices on diet and regimen.

Transfer of medical knowledge in Late Antique encyclopaedic traditions — a preliminary survey. View on orientalistik. View on uni-muenster. Narratology , Midrash , Rabbinic Literature , and Literary studies. Book Reviews. Review of Mira Balberg. University of California Press, Published on January 25, View on bookreviews.

This seminar brings together scholars sharing an interest in an emerging subfield within rabbinic literature, in line with developments in adjacent disciplines. A growing number of projects and publications attest to an increasing A growing number of projects and publications attest to an increasing awareness of new approaches historical anthropology, cultural studies, critical science studies, gender studies to the study of ancient sciences.

Moreover, the diverse nature of ancient knowledge, its socio-historical contexts and varied ways of knowledge transfer have come more into focus. Earlier studies typically assumed the idealized Graeco-Roman scientific thinking as the foil against which one retrieves parallels and influences, without paying attention to the plurality of cultural transfers and endemic developments in Late Antiquity.

This seminar on rabbinic knowledge culture s from a comparative perspective engages a broader approach, asking how manifestations of different forms of ancient knowing impacted on the period under discussion, and in turn were shaped by larger socio-historical, cultural and religious formations. The contributions will inquire into different but interrelated fields of knowledge about nature and creatures Watts Belser; Neis; Hayes , the body and medicine Fonrobert, Lehmhaus , law, truth and philosophy Hidary; Hayes , the senses and spatiality Mandsager; Novick; Kalmin , and ethnography Redfield.

Special attention will be paid e. Papers will address rabbinic conceptions of knowledge transfer, acquisition or displacement with a focus on strategies of framing or representing expertise and experts in certain genres and discursive contexts e. The papers and discussions within this seminar shall help to increase the awareness for the topic within Jewish studies and beyond. Furthermore, the seminar will start a dialogue about methodological and theoretical issues at stake in such inquiries and it aims at fostering collaboration among the involved scholars and forging links between interested colleagues for future research on the topics at hand.

The organizers explicitly welcome papers by scholars working on similar questions as those outlined in the following but dealing with neighboring or adjacent traditions ancient Babylonia or Egypt; Graeco-Roman culture s ; Iranian traditions, early Christian or Syriac traditions; early Islam etc. Recent studies into ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman scientific traditions have emphasized the craft and artifice of those texts. On the one hand, these works can be characterized by a rather astonishing degree of literary expertise, discursive versatility and rhetorical sophistication.

Ancient scientific authors were well versed not only in their very field of expertise but adopted and deployed many compositional techniques of their respective cultural milieu. On the other hand, scholars have pointed also to the complex framing of scientific knowledge in texts whose primary focus was poetic, historiographic or literary. This new trend in scholarship on ancient knowledge cultures pays attention to the complex interplay between form and content in the representations of these knowledge discourses.

Papers may address the question of how such knowledge discoursesare shaped and designed. One might ask further: who constructs this discourse and for whom? Which implicit or explicit authorial strategies and intentions might be discerned? How can the adoption or appropriation of certain textual strategies and compositional techniques rather be seen as a vital venue for knowledge transfer, rather than the actual content of the passage? This set of questions pays attention to the embeddedness of medicine in Talmudic literature, other Jewish and further ancient traditions.

So, it allows for valuable insights how medical information and other types of knowledge were integrated into different, overlapping discourses. Especially, the interplay between medical, religious, political, ethical and ritualdiscourses seems to be of crucial importance for a broader understanding of ancient knowledge cultures. Papers should be interested in a comparative approach and may apply theories and methods ranging from textual criticism and redaction history, toliteraryor discursive studies of ancient scientific texts that pay also attention to their socio-cultural framing.

Although being primarily focused on Jewish traditions, the research unit would like to emphasize the comparative approach by inviting papers from scholars working in neighboring traditions on those and similar questions. Everything which heals is not of the ways of the Amorites — doctors, medicine and healing magic in Talmudic texts and adjacent traditions in Late Antiquity more. This session explores interrelated aspects of discourses on medical experts, healing and magic in Jewish Late Antiquity in the light of their different cultural and religious milieux.

The ambiguous relationship of the Talmudic rabbis as The ambiguous relationship of the Talmudic rabbis as religious experts to other fields of expertise will be discussed. Competing experts and approaches challenged the rabbis' views, especially in delicate areas such as medicine, healing and magic. All close readings will focus also on the literary or textual re presentations and the contextual integration of those discourses.

Hezser, Catherine '"Private and Public Education"'. In: Rogers, Zuleika, ed. In: Nahshon, Edna, ed. Oxford and New York: Berg Publishers, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Rabbinische Gleichnisse und ihre Vergleichbarkeit mit neutestamentlichen Gleichnissen'. In: Zimmermann, Ruben, ed. Tuebingen: Mohr-Siebeck, pp In: Fonrobert, Charlotte and Jaffee, Martin, eds.

In: Staehler, Axel, ed. London: Routledge, pp In: Ilan, Tal, ed. In: Rogerson, John and Lieu, Judith, eds. Oxford: Oxford university Press, pp In: Rubenstein, Jeffrey, ed. In: Perani, Mauro, ed. In: Kalmin, Richard and Schwartz, Seth, eds. Leiden and New York: Peeters, pp In: Neusner, J. Hezser, Catherine 'Classical Rabbinic Literature'. Hezser, Catherine 'Einheit und Vielfalt in der rabbinischen Halakhah'.

In: Konradt, Matthias and Steinert, Ulrike, eds.

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In: Schaefer, Peter, ed. In: Hezser, Catherine and Schaefer, Peter, eds. La Narrativa Cristiana Antica. Rome: Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum, pp Irish Studies. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, '. Journal of British Studies , 58 2, pp Beck, ". Journal of Jewish Studies , 69 2, pp Theologische Literaturzeitung , 12, pp Rabbinic Responses to Drought and Disaster. Theologische Literaturzeitung , 3, pp Journal of Jewish Studies , 68 2, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Jonathan S. Milgram, From Mesopotamia to the Mishnah. Theologische Literaturzeitung , 11, pp Theologische Literaturzeitung , 6, pp Tuebingen: Mohr Siebeck, Theologische Literaturzeitung , 5, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Jane L.

The Question of God's Perfection

Hezser, Catherine '"Review of: Christian C. LSE Review of Books. Journal of Jewish Studies , 66 1, pp Introduced, translated, and annotated by Jeffrey L. Theologische Literaturzeitung , 10, pp Journal of Jewish Studies , 66 2, pp LSE Review of Books online blog. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, '. Theologische Literaturzeitung , 1, pp Jewish Ways of Seeing in Late Antiquity'. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, '. Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Margaret H.

Williams, 'Jews in a Graeco-Roman Environment'. Tuebingen: Mohr Siebeck, '. Journal of Semitic Studies , 59 2, pp Journal of Jewish Studies , 65 2, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Alexander Samely et al. Theologische Literaturzeitung , 4, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Naftali S.

Oxford: Oxford University Press, '. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies , 76 3, pp Hezser, Catherine '"Review of: Peter J. LSE Review of Books online journal , Hezser, Catherine 'Review of John A. London and New York: Verso. LSE Review of Books online journal. Princeton: Princeton University Press '. LSE Review of Books internet site. Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Holger M. Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Ra'anan S. Boustan, Oren Kosansky, Marina Rustow eds.

Authority, Diaspora, Tradition". Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, The Journal of Theological Studies , 63 1. Theologische Literaturzeitung , , pp Gnomon , 84 , pp Orientalische Literaturzeitung , , pp Die Rezeption von Gen 4, in rabbinischen Midraschim. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, Orientalische Literaturzeitung , 6, pp Journal of Jewish Studies , 61 1, pp Review of Biblical Literature online journal.

John Lyden, London '. Culture and Religion , 11 3, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Albert I. Baumgarten, Elias Bickerman as a Historian of the Jews. Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Eckart Reinmuth ed. Eingeleitet, ediert, uebersetzt u. Tuebingen: Mohr-Siebeck, Journal of Jewish Studies , 60 1, pp Rabbinisches und ausserrabbinisches' Judentum, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, '. David Daube's Giffort Lectured, ed. Calum Carmichael.

West Conshohoken, Penn. Hebraic political studies , 4 2, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of Israel J. Journal of the American Academy of Religion , 76 1, pp An Introduction''. Journal of Jewish Studies , 59 2, pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of Rivka Ulmer, ed. Frankfurter Judaistische Beitraege , 34 , pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of: Juergen Zangenberg et al. Tuebingen: Mohr-Siebeck, '. Review of Biblical Literature. Jewish Quarterly Review , 97 , pp Hezser, Catherine 'Review of H. Berner, 'Avot de-Rabbi-Natan.

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