Guide Beardsley, MN: The Story of How a Small Minnesota Town Survived the Great Depression, 1929-1940

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Crawford nr California St. Hale, Robert Beverly Fifth Ave. Luke's PL, n. Edward Timonium, Md. Times U.

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Airlie Farm, Bedford, n. Norfolk, Conn. Powis Park Ave. Keith East 78th St. Mill Run, Fayette County, Pa. Port Washington, n. Highgate Rd. Wells nr 18 Tan Lane, Exeter, N. Otto V. Merrill nr Rosedale Lane, Princeton, N. Victor W. Drum Hill Rd.. Wilton, Conn. Georgetown, Conn. Ronan St. McAllister Third Ave. Mary's Church Rd.. Sterling Rd. Locust Valley, n. Riverbank Rd. McNeil East 67th St.

Lawrence Farms, South Chappaqua, n. Edward Park Ave. Veterans Adm. Hospital, First Ave. North, n. Chestertown, Md. Clair 7 West 43d St. West, Princeton, N. Ridge Acres Rd. River Rd. Louis 8, Mo. Ronald Lyons Plain Rd. Douglas nr Clinton Rd. Houston West th St. Ill Pinecrest Dr. Chappaqua, n. Seymour 55 Westcott Rd. Percy East 72d St. Brown East 57th St. Litchfield, Conn. Information Agency, Washington 25, D. Carter Rd. Frederick nr East Lane, Philadelphia 18, Pa.

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Germonds Rd. Hallam nr Perrywood, Upper Marlborough, Md. Department of Defense, Washington 25, D. New Vernon, n. Stoneleigh 2, Bronxville, n. Raymond nr Emerson St. Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, n. Field Point Circle, Greenwich, Conn. Ballantine Rd. Paul's School, Concord, n. Gordon 1 East End Ave. Johnsbury, Vt. The Studio, Roslyn, n. Carrington Fifth Ave.

New Hope, Pa. Waterford, Conn. Shelter Island, n. Cross River Rd. Dickerman 20 Exchange PL, n. Clifford nr Wilton, Conn. Old Chatham, n. Retreat Farm, Rapidan, Va. North Greenwich Rd. W 2 Rosedale Rd. Bernard East 74th St. Buell, William A. Carter, John Cole, Charles W. Hart, Albert G. Haskell, John H. Sawada, Renzo Schneider, Herbert W. Slotemaker deBruine, N. Tsurumi, Yusuki Van Kleffens, E.

Villard, Henry S. Wardell, Edward R. He not only built many writers by publishing their contributions in his syndicated columns, but he frequently assigned important writers to special news stories — domestic and foreign — and liberally paid their expenses. Among what a Centurion friend irreverently calls his "trained seals" was the late Cen- turion William Allan White whom he chose to cover various national political conventions and, in Europe, to do the report on the Treaty of Versailles.

The story is told that once when he wanted expert coverage of a San Francisco national convention, Adams rented a house, complete with maids and a cook for those particular "trained seals" whom he chose to do the job. Among them was Centurion White. The first thing these ungrateful writers did was to fire the cook. From then on, Centurion White did the marketing because he loved to bring home the wonderful seafood and fantastic vegetables from the San Francisco markets. Miss Edna Ferber, who had a special talent in that direction, did the cooking and the other seals washed the dishes.

He syndicated the verse of Edgar Guest who, though his lyrics may not be applauded by today's Centurion poets, nevertheless had a considerable vogue in a more in- nocent era. The verses of Walt Mason were also features of Adams's column. Adams was born in Salina, Michigan. He earned his way through his early education by working as a janitor. He graduated in from Ottawa University, Ottawa, Kansas.

For the next six years, he held jobs as elevator operator, de- partment manager of an advertising company, and advertis- ing copywriter for Swift and Company. In , with bor- rowed capital, he started his syndicate. William Allan White was one of the first of his writers and helped bring him quick success. Today, his syndicate serves more than a hundred newspapers in many parts of the world. George Adams was also a collector of rare etchings and books and has made gifts of these to the National Gallery in Washington and to the libraries of Dartmouth, Yale, the Uni- versity of Michigan, and the Tuskegee Institute.

In , he received the Freedoms Foundation Award for "outstanding achievement in bringing about better understanding between peoples. But his family's circumstances made im- possible the long training needed for what he most wanted — to be a doctor — and instead of pursuing education he had to take a job. As office boy for a large company, he got inter- ested in both business and engineering. However, for useful work in either, he had to somehow find an education higher than that of the high school from which he had graduated.

He spoke of his ambition to an officer of the company who was able to get him a university scholarship that resulted in a B. This was study and analysis of the relations of management and industrial en- gineering. To acquire a background against which he could make immediate practical recommendations, he engaged in a scholarly review of the whole history of industry and of the growing closeness of industry and business. When he was taken into the National City Bank in charge of industrial investigation, he was at last able to observe and judge the symptoms of various corporations and thus guide the investments of the bank customers.

Finally he estab- lished his own company to carry on the consulting work. Here his gift of "diagnosis" had full opportunity for ex- pression. Armstrong was born in Brooklyn, received his early edu- cation at public schools there, and got his B. He established George S. Armstrong and Company of New York in He was the author of An En- gineer in Wall Street.

He took an active part in the civic and philanthropical work of his home town, Greenwich, Con- necticut. He was a Centurion for fourteen years. George Perry Auld By profession an accountant and, incidentally, a gifted author on his subject, George Auld became involved in inter- national economics soon after the First World War. For an early article entitled "Reparations and the Policy of Re- pudiation" he adopted the pen name of "Alpha. Because the article opposed the view of Keynes and his disciples that France should forego any substantial payments from Germany, it caused a stir and led to an animated correspondence in the London Times between Keynes and "Alpha" and to many articles and comments in England and America.

In this and in other articles on Euro- pean economics, he combined exactitude in detail with a broad political view. Later the university gave him the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. He began his career as certified public accountant with the Navy Supply Corps.

Sims, commander of United States naval forces in Europe. For this service, he received the Navy Cross. In , he was assistant to Owen Young, later agent general of the Dawes Plan. For this service he was awarded the Cross of the Legion of Honor. George Auld was a non-resident member of the Century for thirty-two years. Thomas Hunt Barber In his twenty-fifth anniversary college report, Tom Bar- ber gave his occupation as "farmer. He had been a lawyer, a banker, an army officer and a student of military history, a writer, and an eager traveler. Some of his friends thought that in farming he was happiest, yet there was frus- tration here, too, because Tom was a restless soul and farm- ing tended to send his roots deep into the soil and hold him to one spot.

This, anyway, was the part he seemed to play, speaking slowly, in as near a drawl as his Yankee tongue would let him, and reducing matters that seemed complex to others to what he regarded as sim- ple "horse sense. Tom had a selective memory; he could recount humorous episodes from his travels in exotic places that entertained us on many a warm evening at the Club. His bias was always conservative; he had little sympathy with liberal views, yet he let those who held them talk and present their side.

He was a consistent Anglophobe and appeared to regret that Britain and the United States had so manv interests in com- mon. In general his likes and dislikes were strong; he was wholly loyal to those he felt were his friends. His prejudices were quite unconventional and he was unmoved by any pres- sure of public opinion.

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He received his law degree from Columbia Law School. He practiced law for a time in New York but became interested in investment banking and joined the firm of Roosevelt and Son. In the First World War, he was a major in the army and was awarded the Silver Star for his service in the Argonne theatre.

From war's end to , he was with the Office of Civil Affairs in Germany. In the s, he was a founder of the National Economy League. Army at the University of Virginia. He was a devoted Centurion and rarely missed a monthly meeting. Robert Woods Bliss Effective and intelligent men can cut red tape no matter how much of that encumbrance binds the position they hold. A Centurion remembers that Robert Bliss once got him out of a tight spot by doing just that.

It was when Bliss was with the American Embassy in Paris. This young man, who had been in the French army during the early years of the First World War, was in the process of transferring to the A. The question was 'how. Robert Bliss cut through this little technicality like a snow-plow in mid- winter. He sent me down to get a passport from one of the junior secretaries.

The man called up and began asking Bliss questions. I could hear Bliss's voice over the phone: 'I didn't tell you to interrogate this man, I told you to give him a pass- port. Now give it to him. It served him well in all his diplomatic posts. It was not only as a diplomat, however, that Robert Bliss won both public and private recognition. His collecting had been done over long periods of travel- ing in South America, Mexico and other parts of Central America, Turkey, and Greece.

Meanwhile, in , he and Mrs. This became the scene of the international conference that was involved in the beginnings of the United Nations. Robert Bliss also gave Harvard a research library and art collection from the medieval and Byzantine period. Robert Woods Bliss was born in St. Louis in He graduated from Harvard in His first post was in Puerto Rico, where he was secretary to the governor. He was then consul in Venice and was transferred from there to St. Peters- burg as embassy secretary. In , he was named minister to Sweden and served there for four years.

During that time he got to know the Crown Prince who later became King and was instrumental in bringing the Prince to the attention of Harvard University as a candidate for an honorary de- gree. In , he went to Argentina as ambassador. He was president of the American Foreign Service Association. Centurion friends describe Bob Bliss as sweet-tempered, considerate and benevolent, simple, friendly, and natural.

The hospitality which he and Mrs. Bliss might be said to have stood at the apex of Washington social life, but they never gave any parties for the sake of giving parties. They never were concerned about whether anyone was 'im- portant. He was a Centurion for nearly half of his life. John Henry Chapman The Reverend John Chapman was of quiet and rather soli- tary disposition, and could more often be found reading in a lonely corner of the Library than as part of a group.

But he was proud of his physical vigor. He appeared at the Club one day in his eighty-sixth year and announced that he had walked there from the General Theological Seminary in Chelsea Square. Chapman was a member of the class of at the Uni- versity of Virginia, and received his degree of Doctor of Divinity from General Theological Seminary in New York in He was rector of St. He had previously served as rector of Upperville, Virginia, and Ridgefield, Connecticut. After his retirement, he assisted at St. This may be dull and routine or it may be rich and inspiring. Norman Coke-Jephcott was known for his imag- inative and exciting improvisation.

He was also a composer. His "Surely the Lord Is in This Place" had a circulation of some 3, copies in ; his "Variation and Toccata on a National Air" and his "Miniature Trilogy" have had wide popular acceptance as recital pieces. As organist and trainer of choristers, he has left a permanent mark on the character of the music of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York.

He had, further, an influence on contemporary church music throughout America. He was born in Coventry, England, sixty-eight years ago. In Coventry, he was assistant organist at Trinity Church. He was appointed organist and choirmaster of the Cathe- dral of St. John the Divine in and held the post until his retirement in He was a Centurion for eleven years.

His service was research; he was not only expert in method and widely knowledgeable in every subject CENTURY MEMORIALS he studied but he hewed steadfastly to the line that led to practical results and persistently refused to go astray under the pressure of the fashions of the times. In his own political views he was so independent that he always applied the term "mugwump" to himself. For policy decisions, democratic governments must al- ways be dependent upon national privately financed organiza- tions that are committed to basic research in the social sci- ences.

One of the most useful of these is the Social Science Research Council of which Crane was executive director from to His particular field was political science; his specialty in that field was the city management form of gov- ernment. The people of many American cities that have adopted managers are grateful to him for his help. For two years he was American vice- consul at Montreal and consul in Guadeloupe and Rosario. He was appointed assistant professor of political science at the University of Michigan in and eventually full pro- fessor of that subject and director of the university's bureau of government.

It was in that he helped found the Social Science Research Council. A Centurion who worked with Dr. Crane on the Council. He was a Centurion for just short of thirty years.

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Jay Norwood Darling Ding's farewell cartoon, published by his instruction, after his death, is testimony to an enthusiastic life, fully lived. The caption is "Bye Now — It's Been Wonderful Knowing You"; below is a drawing of his studio, the door is ajar and a vanishing ghost, hat in hand, is rushing out of it. The room is a mad clutter of things he loved: hunting guns, duck de- coys, fishing rods and reels, pictures of flying game birds, an easel, brushes, and, all over the floor, hundreds of sketches for cartoons.

By the time this drawing was printed, the name he used — shortened from his own — was known everywhere in the country and in much of the world besides. Ding's work is a collateral record of more than fifty years of American history. It might well be assigned to students of that time as an aid to the understanding of events; it would give them, too, many a belly-laugh. His kindliness and humor were but the reflections of his own character.

Al Smith, for example, made a collection of cartoons that supported Hoover at his expense. Darling's greatest extracurricular enthusiasm was for con- servation and, in recognition of his interest, he was given the Theodore Roosevelt Gold Medal Award. He helped found the National Wildlife Federation and was its first president.

The National Audubon Society gave him its Audubon medal. Jay Darling was born in Norwood, Michigan, in He received his Ph. The year before his graduation, he worked as a reporter on the Sioux City Tribune; in , he became a reporter on the Sioux City Journal. It was his habit to accompany his news stories with sketches and he soon became the paper's politi- cal cartoonist. A few years later, he got a job as cartoonist for the Des Moines Register and Des Moines was his home for most of his life.

In , he won the Pulitzer Prize for the best editorial car- toon, and he won it again in In , the Editor and Publisher took a poll of American newspapers and, as a result, Ding was named the outstanding cartoonist of the United States. In this year he went to Washington on a con- servation mission to forestall the extinction of several kinds of migratory water fowl and he served for about two years as chief of the United States Biological Survey. On the Herald Tribune he had many friends who were inspired by his enthusiasms and identified him with his work.

He remembered with special affection Mrs. Ogden Reid, to whom he wrote many letters, and our late loved president, Geoffrey Parsons. An amusing incident — though it hovered on the brink of tragedy — was the rumor, in , that he had died of a serious illness, which he had indeed suffered, and the pleas- ure he got from reading the post-mortem encomiums reminds us of the essay by the late Centurion, Elmer Davis, "On Not Being Dead as Reported.

Luis de Florez It is unusual for a man to try for and get his flyer's wings at the age of fifty. Luis de Florez, at fifty, finished the eleven- month navy course in six weeks. Wings were all this dis- tinguished rear admiral of the U. Navy lacked to fill out his career as aviation expert.

Before he earned them, his talents as inventor and mechanical engineer had made it possible for hundreds of novice pilots to become prepared for combat. His main interest was the invention and development of machines for the training of aviators — machines which simu- lated the conditions of fighting in the air with such realism that crew members of aircraft in actual warfare could act almost on reflex. These were called, in air force language, "synthetics" and a Congressional subcommittee for naval affairs stated that by his devices hundreds of training hours had been saved.

As a prelude to his aeronautical engineering, Luis de Florez worked in the field of motor-fuel refining. One of the first petroleum-cracking formulas is attributed to him. At the start of the First World War, he was in England, manager of a fuel company. There, his inventive genius showed itself when he designed what is considered to have been the first accurate sight for anti-aircraft guns for the protection of the plant in which he worked.

He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a mechanical engineer in There he designed and produced many aircraft instruments and accessories. Through the s, he was an officer in the Naval Reserve and, in ten years from , he was promoted from lieu- tenant commander to rear admiral. During this period he made a special study of German aviation and of the building of Germany's air force, and his findings were valuable to the Allies in the Second World War. For his various services, he was awarded the Legion of Merit. He was barely five feet tall, had a small black waxed mustache, and a distinctly Latin appearance.

This, these days, is a good thing for an economist to be, now that markets are merging and we look to the time when national barriers will no longer impede the distribution of world resources. But de Vegh was more than an economist; he had an informed interest in most of the arts, he was an authority on rare books, and had a discriminating taste for rare wines and fine food — gifts which made him at home in the Century too.

A native of Budapest, descended from a line of proud and distinguished Hungarians, Imrie received his higher edu- cation at the University of Budapest and later at Trinity College in Cambridge. He came naturally by his interest in the realm of finance, for his father had been chief counselor of the Hungarian National Bank. At the beginning of the troubles that ended in a sequence of tragedies for Hungary, he came to the United States.

Two years later, in , he became consulting economist to the firm of Scudder, Stevens and Clark, investment counselors, and was with them until the United States entered the Second World War. He was then called to the War Production Board as assistant to the production vice-chairman.

After the war, he was senior partner of Pell, de Vegh and Company which became de Vegh and Company in The client spoke of this intention, adding that of course the firm could not be expected to help him here. But Imrie wrote an extraordinarily detailed analysis of the history, sales prices, and values of all the Shakespeare folios and demonstrated conclusively that the dealer with whom the client was about to trade was asking far too much for his copy compared with its value.

In his last years, Imrie was working on key problems for the Kennedy administration offering original and practical solutions. Unhappily he did not live to see the application of all of them. A fellow Centurion said of Imrie de Vegh: "He was not afraid to show emotion. A man of wit, humor and passion, he could laugh heartily over a skillful turn of phrase, though the joke be on himself; he could weep when touched by beauty or sorrow; and he could show quick impatience, even anger, at incompetence or stupidity.

Wherever he went, people recognized in him an original and highly talented man. Frederic Russell Dolbeare A Centurion remembers that the day after he was elected Fred Dolbeare came to the Round Table in the East Room and sat among strangers there as if they were old friends. It was soon evident that he under- stood the art of conversation, the give and let give that per- mits the smooth interchange of ideas: a quality that is un- common in a person of Fred's wide experience in posts of dominant importance.

Indeed his modesty, his reluctance to insist on his views, astonished us when we got to know his background. Sensitive for many years to the international pulse, Fred occupied several important posts in London, Berlin, Vienna, and Berne. He was a delegate to the peace conference in Paris after the First World War and attended the conference in Berlin in in which there was exchange of ratifications between the United States and Germany. Later he was counselor to the legations in Ottawa and in Berne.

Every- where he was known for his poise and his constant good humor, but also for his personal sympathy toward those he worked with and those who came to him with their troubles.

He was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and was a member of the class of at Yale. He entered the diplomatic service in and his first post was as secretary to the embassy at London. He left the service in to go into private banking business, but he was recalled to inter- national areas in by Centurion Henry L. Stimson, then Secretary of State, as adviser to the Geneva disarmament conference. There he helped negotiate treaties between Thailand and other nations in- cluding the United States. In recognition of his service he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Crown of Siam.

He took an active part in the work of Radio Free Europe. An intimate Centurion friend remembers that Fred's usual cheery calm disappeared whenever he suspected treach- ery. John Van Nostrand Dorr John Dorr was an inventor of mining machinery whose name is known in every corner of the world in which ores are dug. In addition to his metallurgical work, he was a chemi- cal engineer and developed sanitary engineering machinery. After many years of exceedingly active engineering, he went to live on the banks of the Saugatuck River in Connecticut and continued research work in a laboratory he made for himself in an old mill there.

It was in this pleasant spot that we Centurions came to know John best, enjoyed his abundant hospitality and looked at the remarkable pictures that his photographer wife made. The best known of the inventions he developed was the "Dorr thickener. Later, his thickeners and "classifiers" were used in many industries and they also became valuable in the treatment of sewage.

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From mining equipment he went as far afield as the design of apparatus for sugar manufacture, one of his pat- ents being for a process of "clarification of cane sugar juice. An editorial in the magazine Chemi- cal Engineering said of him: "The contribution which his inventions. In point was his experience in early days with a small cyanide mill in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

He had put his last cent into this mill. To keep it going he had to find some means of revenue. It was a series of experiments with this mill that led to the method of gold extraction that paid back all that he had put into it and more. John Dorr was born in Newark, New Jersey, and edu- cated at a private school conducted by his mother after his father's death. She encouraged his interest in collections of geological specimens. At seventeen he entered Edison's West Orange laboratory.

After considerable practical ex- perience there, during which he kept much the same sort of hours as his boss, he acquired the same passionate devotion to experiment and innovation. His first independent work was in Colorado and South Dakota and, in , he opened an office in Denver to market his inventions.

When in he established The Dorr Foundation for the purpose of assisting education, he said: "During my ac- tive life as an engineering executive, the increasing part played by catalysts in modern industry suggested that the Foundation might play the role of using resources largely of brains and imagination. A special interest in later years was highway safety.

He initiated the painting of the edges of pavements on such roads as the Merritt Parkway in Connecticut. It was esti- mated that this device brought a 50 percent decline in acci- dents on certain highways. He has been given honorary degrees by six universities and technical schools. In his more than forty years of membership, he came as often as he could to our monthly meetings and had many friends in the Club. Frederick Sherwood Dunn Ted Dunn, as his friends called him, was an authority on international law and international affairs.

He wrote many books and monographs on national defense and military pol- icy, diplomacy, international organization, comparative poli- tics, and political, social, and economic modernization. At Yale, he conducted the Center of International Stu dies until Princeton invited him to join its faculty. Princeton was Dunn's alma mater and he welcomed the opportunity to serve it. By that time, he had gained such a grasp of the Center's policies and it had become so dependent on him for its ad- ministration that when he went to Princeton he took it with him.

The results of the Center's research have often been useful to the State and other departments of the Federal govern- ment. Also, under Dunn's guidance, the quarterly journal World Politics has exerted much influence. Bene ath a quiet, unassuming manner, Frederick Dunn maintained unyielding firmness in acts of w hose Tightness he was convinced. It is believed that his transfer of the Center from Yale to Princeton was an instance of t his. His wise counsel was widely sought among business organizations as well as in Washington and overseas.

He had long planned to write on the qualities and preparation needed for the foreign service and it is possible that his notes will prove useful to a writer who wishes to complete this work. He was a member for twenty years. Kendall Emerson A friend who was once a boy patient of Dr. Emerson remembers his old-fashioned office in Worcester with its dark-paneled, high-ceilinged waiting room in which he spent many apprehensive moments. But he also remembers how his fears faded when he faced the doctor; how his nerves were quieted when the busy man took the time, before he examined him, to talk to him about things that had nothing to do with the boy's trouble.

Kendall Emerson was busy all his life in his efforts to relieve what was once the greatest scourge of all peoples, tuberculosis. He did this not only in his practice but also and very largely in administering promotion campaigns for preventive programs, rehabilitation movements, examination routines in the war drafts, and for the financing of all of these.

Throughout the depression, when many national agencies i were suffering severe losses, he managed to keep up the sale of Christmas Seals so that the operations of the National Tuberculosis Association and its state affiliates need never be suspended. The value of his assistance toward the decrease in the death toll of this dread disease throughout the world is one of the imponderables of medical history; it can never be calculated, but the informed guesses are high. Perhaps Emerson's greatest reassurance to a society con- fused and frightened by this "white plague" was his convic- tion, reiterated in many public statements, that tuberculosis was preventable.

He graduated from Amherst in and re- ceived his M. His first practice was in orthopedic and general surgery in Worcester. In , he served in medical units with the British army in France and Belgium and with the American Expeditionary Force in and The two following years, he was deputy commissioner and medical director for the American Red Cross in the Balkans and in Siberia.

He was decorated by the Rumanian government and the Polish Red Cross. When he returned to America, he served for five years as chief of surgical services at Worcester's Memorial Hos- pital and as president of the Massachusetts Tuberculosis League. He then became director of the National Tuber- culosis Association. In the next twenty years, he was instru- mental in the growth of the tuberculosis control movement from 1, local and state affiliates to 3,, and in the in- clusion in the Association's program of rehabilitation, in- dustrial education, extensive adult education, and a separate division for research.

During the Second World War, Dr. Emerson supported a bill for the establishment of a tuberculosis control divi- sion in the United States Public Health Service, and this was enacted into law in Later, he served as a member of an advisory health group appointed by the State Depart- ment to make recommendations for a World Health Organ- ization in accordance with a United Nations resolution. Until his final retirement in , he was a general medical adviser to Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston.

A memorial to Kendall Emerson in the London Chest and Heart Bulletin gives him this tribute: "Kendall Emerson was an impressive advocate with great reserves of wisdom and more than a hint of mischievous amusement in his eyes. Never have the finest American qualities of integrity, efficiency and humour been embodied more happily in one man. Analysis of Civil War battles which for many years had been part of the student training at the United States Military Academy and other army schools was no longer useful in view of the air observation and bombing, the replacement of cavalry by motor units, and the use of tanks and poison gas — among other innovations — that were changing the nature of warfare.

To meet the new technological needs a lot of overhaul- 1 ing of curricula became imperative. West Point was lucky in getting Colonel Chauncey Fenton to help bring its teaching ; up to date. With the even newer and more complex techniques of the Second World War came a new challenge, and Fenton, who had become a permanent professor with the rank of general, completely rebuilt the military academy's educa- tional program.

His particular subjects were chemistry, elec- tricity, and mathematics. During the war, he arranged for the construction of a completely modern electronics laboratory and a radar laboratory at West Point. Chauncey Fenton was born at Edinburgh, Pennsylvania, eighty-two years ago. His secondary education was at Lowell- ville, Ohio, and he entered West Point with the class of in He graduated 15th in a class of As a second lieutenant of artillery, he served for a time in the Philippines and began his teaching career as an instructor in mathe- matics at West Point in Until , he alternated teaching with work with troops; in the First World War, he served on the General Staff and rose to the rank of colonel.

Fenton loved the Century and, as long as his health let him, he came often to the Club for lunch or monthly din- ners. A younger Centurion who was with him in various army posts remembers his special kindness which took no account of difference in rank. At the Century he was known as a conversationalist on many subjects remote from his profes- sion.

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He spent much time in our library, where he read widely. His contribution to the order of the Flying Fish was poetry, poignant poetry that made even these nor- mally boisterous extroverts thoughtful for a while. He re- cited his poetry so quietly that attention was focused on the poetry, not on the speaker. This was in the large dining room on the fourth floor of the Century used for the meeting of the Digressionists, with their amateur nudes and land- scapes hung along the walls and the Delano-Greenley Bowl on the table.

Indeed, only a few Digressionists and close friends knew that he was a poet. But architects all over the world knew of the stimulus he had given to architecture. A Centurion colleague believes that he "influenced my genera- tion of architects more than any other man, Howells, Hood and Corbett not excepted. It was through his visualization of the concepts of other architects and of his own — expositions in charcoal with brilliant contrasts of light and dark — that designs were brought to life and served to excite the imaginations of their creators and of those who should build them.

His own imagination has been called "fantastic" — an inadequate word for a fancy that moved in so spiritual an orbit. Hugh's towers and fairy-tale structures may have been difficult or impossible for builders with feet of clay to crystal- lize in steel and masonry, but they presented avatars — some- thing perhaps unattainable to work toward. They were, in- deed, as many architects recognized, the work of a graphic artist who was also a poet.

But he soon abandoned practice in favor of the dramatic drawing that taught architects to see how their work, still in the planning stage, would look when it had passed that stage. Some of his best known studies were his panoramic views of Philadelphia's proposed Sesqui-Centennial Exposition, his drawings for the New York World's Fair in — especially a night view of the Trylon and Perisphere — for the United Nations building, and most recently for the World's Fair.

There were also his compositions showing what was pos- sible in the massing of great New York buildings under the zoning laws of the s. Centurions remember his rendering of buildings in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts which were on view in our gallery. Hugh's work has been exhibited all over the world and several volumes have been devoted exclusively to his draw- ings. He has been recognized by the National Academy of Design which made him an academician and by the Ameri- can Institute of Architects of which he was a fellow.

For two years he was president of the New York Chapter of the In- stitute and its members will not forget his rousing inaugural address — the outstanding event of the Institute's convention of He was also president of the Architectural League and was the author of Metropolis of Tomorrow and Power in Buildings Hugh was a devoted Centurion; he came frequently to lunch at the Club, served on the Committee on Admissions and, just before his death, on the Board of Management. In , he made the address of welcome to new members.

Guy Stanton Ford A Centurion who knew him well writes: "For a quarter century, Guy Stanton Ford was one of the most deeply re- spected statesmen in higher education in America. Great uni- versities called on him to survey their programs of instruc- tion, trustees consulted him about new college presidents, and the American Council on Education depended upon his voice in deciding many matters of policy affecting all higher educa- tion in the country. His specific service there was as chief of civilian and educational publica- tions. This work developed his talents as an editor and as an administrator — gifts which were important to his later life.