This hugely topical book, by a team of high-profile activists and expert writers, is the first critically to assess the legislation, using evidence from across the field, and to offer strategies for improvement in policy and practice. Policing and security provision are subjects central to criminology. Yet there are newer and neglected forms that are currently unscrutinised. By examining the work of community safety officers, ambassador patrols, conservation officers, and private police foundations, who operate on and are animated by a frontier, this book reveals why criminological inquiry must reach beyond traditional conceptual and methodological boundaries in the 21st century.
Including novel case studies, this multi-disciplinary and international book assembles a rich collection of policy and security frontiers both geographical e. Women, sexuality and politics are at the forefront of popular discussion today. Using case studies from the US and UK — focusing on the sexualised pregnancy, the BDSM player, the sexy protest — Fanghanel interrogates how the female body is challenged by and challenges gendered violence.
Rape culture continues to thrive in contemporary society: this book demonstrates how it happens, the politics that are mobilised to sustain it and how it can be contested. Moral order is disturbed by criminal events. However in a secularized and networked society a common moral ground is increasingly hard to find. People feel confused about the bigger issues of our time such as crime, anti-social behaviour, Islamist radicalism, sexual harassment and populism. Traditionally, issues around morality have been neglected by criminologists. Through theory, case studies and discussion this book sheds a new and topical light on these concerns.
American Corrections continues to offer an engaging, scholarly, and student-friendly exploration into the US correctional system in an updated third edition. Beginning with sentencing and offender classification and proceeding to parole and reentry, the text walks students through the entire correctional system and its processes. This progression from foundations to specializations lays the groundwork for a solid understanding of US corrections and prepares students for a variety of careers within the US criminal justice system.
The Third Edition features new information on hot topics such as restorative justice restitution programs, the Federal Post Conviction Risk Assessment PCRA , and an in-depth look at the effectiveness of various correctional programs. With its clear writing style and apolitical approach, American Corrections: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice, Third Edition is the obvious choice for learning about the American correctional system. Aric W. A crime has occurred.
Now what? From the crime scene to the courtroom, Criminal Investigation walks students through the entire investigative process and the roles involved, including police officers, investigators, forensic personnel, defense lawyers, and prosecutors. This integrated approach paints a realistic picture of how crimes are actually solved with fascinating real-world examples. Featuring a new, full-color interior design, the Fifth Edition incorporates modern investigative methods and procedures for multiple crime types, including homicide, assault, robbery, theft, burglary, arson, terrorism, cybercrime, and a new chapter dedicated to underwater investigations.
New sections discussing digital evidence, including cell phones and GPS, tracking technology, and social media keep students on the cutting-edge of investigative techniques and forensic science developments. The cohesive and accessible approach combined with practical applications make Criminal Investigation, Fifth Edition the easy choice for students pursuing careers in law enforcement and the criminal justice system.
Are you the kind of person who watches crime drama and real-life crime documentaries on television? Are you fascinated by the twists and turns of justice and the law? But how much do you really know about key issues in crime, crime control, policing and punishment in the UK? This exciting, dynamic and accessible book, written by leading experts, presents 50 key facts related to crime and criminal justice policy in Britain.
Did you know that, contrary to public belief, in the UK a life sentence does actually last for life? And that capital punishment in the UK was abolished for murder in but the Death Penalty was a legally defined punishment as late as ? Victimology: Theories and Applications, Third Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of victimization, crime typologies, and the impact of crime on victims, offenders, and society at large.
Each chapter provides an overview of the scope, law, and victim response to crime and concludes with a summary and discussion questions to ensure comprehension. An overview of the issues impacting victims of a wide variety of traditional and contemporary crimes are examined, including child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, bullying, elder abuse, cybercrime and hate crimes.
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The history and theories of victimology are explored, as well as definitive laws and policies, strategies for intervention, and future research areas. This Third Edition offers a balance between theory and application and will prepare readers to work with victims, offenders, and the justice system. This book provides the first systematic overview of the theoretical, empirical, clinical, and police issues related to sexual murderers and murder. Bringing together leading researchers, theoreticians, and practitioners from across eight different countries, this is a truly international collaboration and an essential reference text for students, researchers, and professionals interested in sexual homicide, as well as an exhaustive source of guidelines for the assessment and treatment of sexual murderers.
Topics include investigation, offender and geographical profiling, behavioural linkage, and police interrogation of the murderers. Offering a broad and comprehensive approach, this Handbook is an indispensable source of information on theory, research, clinical assessment, treatment, and police issues related to sexual murderers and murder. This authoritative volume explores different perspectives on economic and social justice and the challenges presented by and within the criminal justice system.
It critically discusses key concerns involved in realizing economic and social justice, including systemic issues in economic and social justice, issues related to organizations and social institutions, special issues regarding specific populations, and a review of national and international organizations that promote economic justice. Addressing more than just the ideology and theory underlying economic and social justice, the book presents chapters with practical examples and research on how economic and social justice might be achieved within the criminal justice systems of the world.
With contributions from leading scholars around the globe, this book is an essential reference for scholars with an interest in economic and social justice from a wide range of disciplines, including criminal justice and criminology as well as sociology, social work, public policy, and law. The perception of the immigrant as criminal or deviant has a long history in the United States, with many groups e. This Handbook examines the relationship between immigration and crime by presenting chapters reflecting key issues from both historical and current perspectives.
The volume includes a range of topics related to immigration and crime, such as the links between immigration rates and crime rates, nativity and crime, and the social construction of the criminal immigrant, as well as historical and current immigration policy vis-a-vis perceptions of the criminal immigrant. Other topics covered in this volume include theoretical perspectives on immigration and assimilation, sanctuary cities, and immigration in the context of the "war on terror. It is a key collection for students in immigration courses; scholars and researchers in diverse disciplines including criminal justice, criminology, sociology, demography, law, psychology, and urban studies; and policy makers dealing with immigration and border security concerns.
Kimberly D. The Routledge Handbook of Offenders with Special Needs is an in-depth examination of offenders with special needs, such as those who are learning-challenged, developmentally disabled, and mentally ill, as well as substance abusers, sex offenders, women, juveniles, and chronically and terminally ill offenders.
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Areas that previously have been unexamined or examined in a limited way are explored. For example, this text carefully examines the treatment of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender offenders, and racial and gender disparities in health care delivery, as well as pregnancy and parenthood behind bars, homelessness, and the incarceration of veterans and immigrants.
This is a key collection for students taking courses in prisons, penology, criminal justice, criminology, and related areas of study, and an essential resource for academics and practitioners working with offenders with special needs. DeKeseredy, Walter S. The main objective of the second edition of the Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is twofold: 1 to provide original chapters that cover contemporary critical criminological theoretical offerings generated over the past five years and 2 to provide chapters on important new substantive topics that are currently being studied and theorized by progressive criminologists.
Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as southern criminology, queer criminology, and green criminology. The diverse chapters cover not only cutting-edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology.
These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, which generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The new edition of the Handbook is a major work in redefining areas within the context of international multidisciplinary critical research, and in highlighting emerging areas, such as human trafficking, Internet pornography and image-based sexual abuse.
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It is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and policymakers. The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime brings together original and international state of the art contributions of theoretical, empirical, policy-related scholarship on the intersection of perceptions of crime, victimisation, vulnerability and risk. This is timely as fear of crime has now been a focus of scholarly and policy interest for some fifty years and shows little sign of abating.
Research on fear of crime is demonstrative of the inter-disciplinarity of criminology, drawing in the disciplines of sociology, psychology, political science, history, cultural studies, gender studies, planning and architecture, philosophy and human geography. This collection draws in many of these interdisciplinary themes. This collections also extends the boundaries of fear of crime research. It does this both methodologically and conceptually, but perhaps more importantly it moves us beyond some of the often repeated debates in this field to focus on novel topics from unique perspectives.
Key elements in debates and research on fear of crime concerning gender, race and ethnicity are covered, as are contemporary themes in fear of crime research, such as regulation, security, risk and the fear of terrorism, the mapping of fear of crime and fear of crime beyond urban landscapes. The final sections of the book explore geographies of fear and future and unique directions for this research.
Bringing together perspectives from international experts, this book explores the intersection between criminology and forensic science and considers how knowledge from both fields can contribute to a better understanding of crime and offer new directions in theory and methodology.
It will be essential reading for students and researchers engaged with forensic science, criminology, criminal behaviour, criminal investigation, crime analysis and criminal justice. Brown, Stephen E. The Routledge Handbook on Deviance brings together original contributions on deviance, with a focus on new, emerging, and hidden forms of deviant behavior.
The editors have curated a comprehensive collection highlighting the relativity of deviance, with chapters exploring the deviant behaviors related to sport, recreation, body modification, chronic health conditions, substance use, religion and cults, political extremism, sexuality, online interaction, mental and emotional disorders, elite societal status, workplace issues, and lifestyle. The selections review competing definitions and orientations and a wide range of theoretical premises while addressing methodological issues involved in the study of deviance.
Each section begins with an introduction by the editors, anchoring the topics in relevant theoretical and methodological contexts and identifying common themes as well as divergence.
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Providing state-of-the-art scholarship on deviance in modern society, this handbook is an invaluable resource for researchers and students engaged in the study of deviance across a range of disciplines including criminology, criminal justice, sociology, anthropology, and interdisciplinary departments, including justice studies, social transformation, and socio-legal studies.
Labour exploitation is a highly topical though complex issue that has international resonance for those concerned with social justice and social welfare, but there is a lack of research available about it. This book, part of the Studies in Social Harm series, is the first to look at labour exploitation from a social harm perspective, arguing that, as a global social problem, it should be located within the broader study of work-based harm.
Written by an expert in policy orientated research, he critiques existing approaches to the study of workplace exploitation, abuse and forced labour. Mapping out a new sub-discipline, this innovative book aims to shift power from employers to workers to reduce levels of labour exploitation and work-based harm. It is relevant to academics from many fields as well as legislators, policy makers, politicians, employers, union officials, activists and consumers.
Focusing on key ideas in criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice. Ideal for students who want to understand how and why criminal justice research is done to become critical consumers of research, demonstrate to students that statistics used in criminal justice can be informative and eye-opening and, that pre-conceived concepts of their academic failures coming into the course are false.
Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology. This comprehensive guide will equip readers with an advanced understanding of crime and criminal justice, comprising courses in criminological theory, the study of criminal justice, and training in research design and methodology. It continues to demonstrate the vital role research plays by integrating indepth, real-world case studies with a comprehensive discussion of research methods.
This general but all-important background serves as a base for the areas of emphasis that are of interest to the students and researchers. Statistical Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology. Statistical methods are useful for research purposes and also play an important role in discovering crime trends so that preventative measures may be taken to curb different criminal behavior and activity. This book emphasizes the application and interpretation of statistics in research in crime and justice. This work will be of immense interest for both students and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding of common statistical methods used in this field.
Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Dantzker, M. What are criminal justice and criminological research? Why conduct this research? And, how is this research completed? Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice answers these questions by clearly explaining the basics of social science research using a simple and easy-to-understand approach.
The essentials to a foundational understanding of criminal justice research methods are all there, including scientific theory, research language, and research design. The Fourth Edition features updated case studies and numerous revisions to topics such as sampling, research design, quantitative and qualitative research studies, data collection, and data analysis. Conducting research should not be a daunting chore.
Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice makes the task of learning how to conduct research understandable, enjoyable, and applicable to the criminal justice topics students are most interested in. Provides an up-to-date, accessible guide to the growing threats in cyberspace that affects everyone from private individuals to businesses to national governments. The present book finds its comprehensive treatment about the cyber war and its increasing use by the terrorists of different nature across the world in a very lucid way.
Addresses the issues of fighting cybercrime and evaluates measures undertaken by various governments to prevent these attacks from happening. Focused to understanding and contending digital crime is the ability to develop new methods for the collection and analysis of electronic evidence. This text is essential reading for students of cybercrime, cyber-deviancy, digital forensics, cybercrime investigation and the sociology of technology.
This book touches on all areas of mobile device forensics, including topics from the legal, technical, academic, and social aspects of the discipline. This international, edited collection brings together personal accounts from researchers working in and on conflict and explores the roles of emotion, violence, uncertainty, identity and positionality within the process of doing research, as well as the complexity of methodological choices. It addresses the uncomfortable spaces of conflict research and the need for reflection on these issues.
This powerful book opens up spaces for new conversations about the realities of conflict research. The critical self-reflections and honest accounts provide important insights for any scholar or practitioner working in similar environments. Violent Offenders: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice is a compilation of original scholarship from an impressive list of applied and academic criminologists who are international experts on violent offenders. Now in an updated third edition, the text continues to lead with cutting-edge material on all types of violent offenders, including gangs, serial killers, sex offenders, career criminals, and conventional street criminals.
The numerous case studies featured throughout the text have been updated to reflect the contemporary and relevant information that students encounter in news and media. The Third Edition also features six new chapters on current highly-debated topics including violent juvenile offenders, sexual offenders as well as sex offending policy and practice, and more thought-provoking discussions. Violent Offenders is an engaging text that challenges readers to think critically of the subject not only while inside the classroom, but also in their everyday lives as consumers of daily news.
The book provides a comprehensive overview and critical analysis of current and future challenges in criminal investigation carried out by the police in the UK. It is the first work to link investigative current influences on policing and the evidence-based agenda and considers the competing agendas of professionalisation and austerity, analysing the consequences of these developments in the field.
Written by an author with extensive practical and training experience, the book traces the development of the detective, and discusses their training and education. Investigative decision-making is also analysed, together with the legal framework within which modern detectives work and how much of this they should understand. Success and failure in criminal investigation is analysed, with reference to current research and available literature. Offering an up-to-date resource for those studying the area, this important textbook is suitable for policing and criminal justice programmes at undergraduate and postgraduate level by providing a comprehensive analysis of the research-based evidence.
The Short Guide to Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive, yet concise, introduction to the current state of the criminal justice system in the United Kingdom. Avoiding an overtly legalistic or philosophical approach, it offers an accessible entry point for students and researchers across disciplines, including many student-friendly features such as case study boxes, tables showing key facts and figures and links to data sources and further reading.
Also exploring the experience of criminal justice in relation to inequality, this book provides a foundation for further investigation and discussion. Demonising The Other: The criminalisation of morality. This attribution of negative features onto others affects everyone, but Whitehead challenges the idea that this is an inevitable fact of life.
Official Secrets: Child sex abuse from Cleveland to Savile. Three decades ago doctors in Cleveland, a county in the north-East of England, identified sexual abuse in girls and boys. Their average age was eight. Official Secrets reveals that the enquiry that followed was a cover-up. Confidential documents and correspondence in the National Archive prove that the government knew that most diagnoses were believed to be correct, but ministers withheld the explosive evidence.
Parliament and the people were led to believe that there had been a scandal and that scores of children had been wrongly seized from innocent parents. Doctors were discouraged and social workers disempowered - a legacy that leads all the way to the current Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse. The response to Cleveland controversy defined an era of scepticism and blame, and not the protection of children.
Regulating police detention: Voices from behind closed doors. When suspects are arrested, they spend their time in police custody largely in isolation and out of public view. These custody blocks are police territory, and public controversies about what happens there often only arise when a detainee dies. Custody visitors are volunteers who make what are supposed to be random and unannounced visits to police custody blocks to check on the welfare of detainees. However, there is a fundamental power imbalance between the police and these visitors, which calls the independence and effectiveness of custody visiting into question.
Investigating this largely unexplored part of the criminal justice system, this timely book includes the voices of the detainees who have a unique insight into the scheme. It offers detailed proposals for radically reforming custody visiting to make it an effective regulator of police behaviour, with an explanation of the political context that could make that a reality.
Have you ever thought about how much energy goes into avoiding sexual violence? The work that goes into feeling safe goes largely unnoticed by the women doing it and by the wider world, and yet women and girls are the first to be blamed the inevitable times when it fails. Although prison suicide is a global problem, there is little knowledge about the investigations occurring after prison suicides. Addressing this gap, this book provides the first detailed case study of the investigations that follow prison suicides: using England and Wales.
Despite the large range of institutions that monitor English and Welsh prisons, suicides reached a record high in , with the rate having doubled since These deaths represent the sharp end of a continuum of suffering, self-harm, despair and distress within prisons, which affects prisoners, their families and prison staff.
This book details and critiques the lengthy and expensive police, ombudsman and coroner investigations that follow prison suicides. Drawing on extensive document analysis, including analysis of over Prison and Probation Ombudsman fatal incident investigations, and original semi-structured interviews with stakeholders undertaken between , this book provides a novel analysis of prison oversight. Illicit and illegal markets play a substantial role in the global economy, yet have received little attention from economic geographers.
This incisive, innovative book examines the spatial dimensions of hidden economic practices and asks how organized crime can be understood empirically and conceptually through a geographical lens. Going beyond stereotypes about gangsters, the book explores the role of spatially distant corporate, state, and criminal actors in such activities as trafficking and smuggling of drugs, people, and goods; counterfeiting; cybercrime; corruption; money laundering; financing of terrorist groups; and environmental crime. It suggests ways that a geographical analysis can contribute to improving policies and practices to curb organized crime at the regional, national, and global levels.
Each chapter celebrates and commemorates his work by analysing, evaluating and critiquing the current nature and impact of victim identity, experience, policy and practice. Until recently, higher education in the UK has largely failed to recognise gender-based violence GBV on campus, but following the UK government task force set up in , universities are becoming more aware of the issue. And recent cases in the media about the sexualised abuse of power in institutions such as universities, Parliament and Hollywood highlight the prevalence and damaging impact of GBV. In this book, academics and practitioners provide the first in-depth overview of research and practice in GBV in universities.
They set out the international context of ideologies, politics and institutional structures that underlie responses to GBV in elsewhere in Europe, in the US, and in Australia, and consider the implications of implementing related policy and practice. Miscarriages of Justice: Causes, Consequences and Remedies. This text, part of the Key themes in policing textbook series, is written by three highly experienced authors with expertise in the fields of criminal investigation, forensic psychology and law and provides an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of miscarriages of justice.
They highlight difficulties in defining miscarriages of justice, examine their dimensions, forms, scale and impact and explore key cases and their causes. Discussing informal and formal remedies against miscarriages of justice, such as campaigns and the role of the media and the Court of Appeal and the Criminal Cases Review Commission CCRC , they highlight criticism of the activities and decision-making of the latter and examine changes to police investigation in this area. Food today is over-corporatized and under-regulated.
It is involved in many immoral, harmful, and illegal practices along production, distribution, and consumption systems. These problematic conditions have significant consequences on public health and well-being, nonhuman animals, and the environment, often simultaneously. In this insightful book, Gray and Hinch explore the phenomenon of food crime.
Through discussions of food safety, food fraud, food insecurity, agricultural labour, livestock welfare, genetically modified foods, food sustainability, food waste, food policy, and food democracy, they problematize current food systems and criticize their underlying ideologies. Bringing together the best contemporary research in this area, they argue for the importance of thinking criminologically about food and propose radical solutions to the realities of unjust food systems.
Georgios A. The trade in counterfeit goods is growing and is increasingly linked to transnational organised crime. But little is known about the financial mechanisms that lie behind this trade. This is the first account of the financial management of the counterfeiting business. Written by experts in a wide range of fields, it examines the financial and business structures in relation to the illicit trade in counterfeit products. This book will make a significant contribution to our understanding of these timely issues. The challenge of violence against women should be recognised as an issue for the state, citizenship and the whole community.
The book contributes to theoretical explanations of violence against women by reframing it through the lens of sexual politics. Finally it offers critical insights for the development of social policy and practice. Leading green criminologist Rob White asks what can be learned from the problem-solving focus of crime prevention to help face the challenges of climate change in this call to arms for criminology and criminologists. Industries such as energy, food and tourism and the systematic destruction of the environment through global capitalism are scrutinized for their contribution to global warming.
Part of the New Horizons in Criminology series, which draws on the inter-disciplinary nature of criminology and incorporates emerging perspectives like social harm, gender and sexuality, and green criminology. Femicide across Europe: Theory, Research and Prevention. However, the majority of murders of women are perpetrated by men whom they know from family ties and are the result of intimate partner violence or so-called 'honour' killings. This book is the first one on femicide in Europe and presents the findings of a four-year project discussing various aspects of femicide.
Written by leading international scholars with an interdiscplinary perspective, it looks at the prevention programmes and comparative quantitative and qualitative data collection, as well as the impact of culture. It proposes the establishment of an European Observatory on Femicide as a new direction for the future, showing the benefits of cross-national collaboration, united to prevent the murder of women and girls. Focusing on one of the most interesting developments in UK prisons over the past 10 years, this book examines the early history of the Prison Radio Association and the formation of the first national radio station for prisoners.
Highlighting the enduring importance of social values in broadcasting this book shows how radio can be used as a powerful force for social change. It will be of interest to those involved in media, criminal justice and social activism. Caroline W. Written reports and other types of writings by criminal justice and social science professionals can directly affect people's lives.
Thus, it is crucial for the writer to effectively convey his or her message in a coherent and organized manner. The Second Edition also helps students prepare for entering the job market, by discussing how to write a professional resume and cover letter, how to prepare PowerPoint presentations, and how to write a variety of professional reports.
Regoli, Robert M. It examines the people and processes that make up the system and how they interact and work together. It also covers the historic context of the criminal justice system so that students will understand how and why we developed the system that is in place today.
The Third Edition provides contemporary data and updated case studies and references for all topics, and will help your students understand the relationships between law enforcement, corrections, law, policy making and administration, the juvenile justice system, and the courts. New to eBooks.
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