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Ludwig's passion was the theatre, of which he was a great patron.

Encyclopædia Britannica/Austria-Hungary - Wikisource, the free online library

However, his and Elisabeth's family, the Wittlesbachs, was tainted with insanity. As he grew older, his behaviour and lifestyle became increasingly eccentric and bizarre. He would indulge in fantastic coach and sleigh rides through the mountainous Bavarian countryside in the middle of the night. He was for a short while engaged to Elisabeth's younger sister, another Sophie, but Ludwig had a hidden side to him - he was a homosexual - and he broke the engagement off, much to the chagrin of Sisi.

Despite this, they remained firm friends throughout his life and shared many common passions: the ravishing Bavarian scenery of the Starnberg Lake and the mountains.


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They exchanged poems with each other, Ludwig using the pseudonym of the "Eagle", while Elisabeth styled herself the "Seagull". Ludwig is remembered today for his programme of castle-building, e. Neuschwanstein, Linderhof and his masterpiece Herrenchiemsee Castle, which he modelled on the Palace of Versailles.


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He squandered his immense fortune - and almost destroyed the Bavarian economy - with these enterprises. Finally, members of the Bavarian government had Ludwig declared insane his younger brother, Otto, was already a drug addict and committed to an asylum , by a doctor who never examined him.

The Austro-Hungarian Empire Strikes Back I THE GREAT WAR Week 48

King Ludwig was deposed and shut up in the castle of Berg, on the eastern shore of Lake Starnberg. His death remains a mystery to the present day. Was it a coincidence, that Sisi was staying across the Lake, at the Hotel Strauch at Possenhofen, when the tragedy occurred? Was Ludwig trying to reach her to get help? His legacy to history is his collection of fairytale castles, which are the top tourist attractions in Bavaria.

Andrassy was a dashing and flamboyant Hungarian aristocrat, who had taken part in the Hungarian rebellion against Franz Joseph. With the defeat of the Hungarian forces, Andrassy fled to Paris, where he became a popular figure in high society, even acquiring a beautiful and rich wife in the process. Some years later he was allowed to return to Hungary and began to campaign for a reorganisation of the Habsburg empire into an Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy.

Emperor Franz Joseph, a German-speaking Austrian who had condemned Andrassy to death during his exile, was against this. Elisabeth, on the other hand, loved the Hungarian countryside and identified with the lifestyle of the Hungarian people, especially their great skill with horses. As a large country lying between Germany and Russia, it was seen as a stabilizing force.

We often forget that the Monarchy was considered to be one of the great powers of the time. Interestingly, in Austria there is a great deal less interest in Franz Josef, mainly because Austrians at the time as well as later accused Franz Josef of partiality to the Hungarians, the Slavs, and the Jews at the expense of the Germans of the realm. On the other hand, Hungarian nationalists accused him of pro-German bias.

In brief, a less Hungary-centric historical assessment has been emerging. In its place greater emphasis is put on Austria-Hungary as a single political entity. Ordinary folks who were proud of their own culture, language, and religion wanted to live their lives within the borders of the Monarchy.

A change of pace. Often on a daily basis. Hungarians who are so terribly interested in history seem to spend less time on the Great War, as it was called at the time. The Battle of the Ardennes lasted three days, between August 21 and Revolution broke out in the empire of the hangman Tsar. The situation on the ground was not so rosy. We advanced much too fast—a civilian fired at us—he was immediately shot—we were ordered to attack the enemy flank in the forest beeches—we lost our direction—the men were done for—the enemy opened fire—shells came down on us like hail. According to the paper, German soldiers write letters home in which they tell stories about the cruelty of the French toward prisoners of war.

After the Battle of Ardennes. On the Russian front the newspaper is unable to come up with such spectacular victories. It is interesting to read about Russian-Ukrainian relations from the perspective of A Hungarian paper would naturally spend considerable time on the war next door, in Serbia.

They relate stories coming from returning wounded soldiers and prisoners of war. However, some soldiers climbed trees and kept shooting at the Hungarian troops. He claimed that the Serbs are cowardly and brutish soldiers who leave their own wounded men behind. Two of them were brought to Budapest. A fair number of Serb prisoners of war arrived in Hungary already by late August.

The paper talks about prisoners in Esztergom. Apparently another 3, were on their way, being transported by ship. All in all, the usual war psychosis. Hopes center around a Ukrainian uprising so they can join the Ukrainians living in the Monarchy.

Her Romances:

Much time is spent on the weariness, disillusionment, and hardships in the enemy country. The book that really inflamed Serbian historians and politicians was Christopher M. Clark puts a greater emphasis on the responsibility of Serbia than most historians had done previously. The population of Bosnia-Herzegovina is deeply divided over the very person of Gavrilo Princip. The Muslims and the Croats, on the other hand, do not consider Princip a hero at all. More than that, they look upon him as the man who put an end to a prosperous period in the life of Bosnia-Herzegovina, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.

As for Gavrilo Princip, Serb politicians and historians can argue that they were not responsible for the outbreak of World War I. But Serbian nationalism had reached such heights that it was bound to end in some kind of conflict. In fact, two serious wars had already broken out in the Balkans. It was clear that the goal of Serbian nationalists after , when Austria-Hungary was allowed to occupy Bosnia-Herzegovina, was the gathering of all Southern Slavs into one country, naturally under Serbian leadership.

It was natural that Slovenia, under Austria and Croatia under the Hungarian Crown, would have been part of this new state. But there was another area that was an integral part of Greater Hungary, not like Croatia that had limited home rule, that was in danger as far as the Hungarians were concerned. In this area lived about , people who declared themselves to be Serbs in the census.

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How did these people end up north of the Danube river? Most of them came as a result of what is described in historical literature as the Great Serb Migrations. The second migration took place after How many people are we talking about? There are different estimates, but the most often cited is 37, families. The Austrians enthusiastically supported the punishment of Serbia, but Tisza was reluctant.

But what seemed impossible for Tisza and fellow politicians in Germany and Austria-Hungary became a reality four years later: they lost the war and the territories.