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Hartmann often placed appropriate human figures in his architectural renderings to suggest scale. Another brief statement of the promenade melody 8 measures gives it more extroversion and weight than before. Stasov's comment: "An avenue in the garden of the Tuileries, with a swarm of children and nurses. Figures of children quarrelling and playing in the garden were likely added by the artist for scale see note on No.

The movement is cast in through-composed ternary form ABA. The movement is cast in through-composed ternary form ABA with coda. Mussorgsky's original piano version of this movement begins fortissimo ff , suggesting that the lumbering oxcart 's journey begins in the listener's foreground. After reaching a climax con tutta forza , the dynamic marking is abruptly piano bar 47 , followed by a diminuendo to a final pianississimo ppp , suggesting the oxcart receding into the distance.

Rimsky-Korsakov 's edition, and arrangements based on it such as Ravel's, begin quietly, build gradually crescendo to fortissimo and then undergo a diminuendo , suggesting the oxcart approaching, passing the listener, and then receding. A reflective measure presentation of the promenade theme.

The fledglings were canary chicks.

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The movement is cast in ternary form ABA with a literal repeat and terse extension coda. Stasov's explanatory title elucidates the personal names used in Mussorgsky's original manuscript. The movement is thought to be based on two separate extant portraits. The use of augmented second intervals approximates Jewish modes such as the Phrygian dominant scale. A nearly bar-for-bar restatement of the opening promenade.

Differences are slight: condensed second half, block chords voiced more fully.

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Structurally, the movement acts as a reprise, giving listeners another hearing of the opening material before these are developed in the second half of the suite. Limoges is a city in central France. Mussorgsky originally provided two paragraphs in French that described a marketplace discussion the 'great news' , but subsequently crossed them out in the manuscript. The movement is a scherzo in through-composed ternary form ABA.

A scurrying coda leads without a break into the next movement. Stasov's comment: "Hartmann represented himself examining the Paris catacombs by the light of a lantern. The movement is in two distinct parts. Its two sections consist of a nearly static Largo consisting of a sequence of block chords with elegiac lines adding a touch of melancholy and a more flowing, gloomy Andante that introduces the Promenade theme into the scene.

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The first section's alternating loud and soft chords evoke the grandeur, stillness, and echo of the catacombs. The second section suggests a merging of observer and scene as the observer descends into the catacombs. Mussorgsky's manuscript of "Catacombs" shown right displays two pencilled notes, in Russian: "NB — Latin text: With the dead in a dead language" and, along the right margin, "Well may it be in Latin! The creative spirit of the dead Hartmann leads me towards the skulls, invokes them; the skulls begin to glow softly.

Stasov's comment: "Hartmann's drawing depicted a clock in the form of Baba Yaga 's hut on fowl's legs. Mussorgsky added the witch's flight in a mortar. A scherzo marked Feroce with a slower middle section. Motives in this movement evoke the bells of a large clock and the whirlwind sounds of a chase. Structurally, the movement mirrors the grotesque qualities of "Gnomus" on a grand scale.

The movement is cast in ternary form ABA :. Stasov's comment: "Hartmann's sketch was his design for city gates at Kiev in the ancient Russian massive style with a cupola shaped like a slavonic helmet.

Bogatyrs are heroes that appear in Russian epics called bylinas. Hartmann designed a monumental gate for Tsar Alexander II to commemorate the monarch's narrow escape from an assassination attempt on April 4, Hartmann regarded his design as the best work he had done. His design won the national competition but plans to build the structure were later cancelled. The movement's grand main theme exalts the opening Promenade much as "Baba Yaga" amplified "Gnomus"; also like that movement, it evens out the meter of its earlier counterpart. The solemn secondary theme is based on a baptismal hymn from the repertory of Russian Orthodox chant.

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The interruption of this pattern with new music just before its expected conclusion gives the rest of the movement the feeling of a vast extension. This extended leave-taking acts as a coda for the suite as a whole. In the Russian pianist Andrej Hoteev presented in a CD recording a performance of "Pictures at an Exhibition" based on original manuscripts [17] he consulted in the Russian National Library at St. The first musician to arrange Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition for orchestra was the Russian composer and conductor Mikhail Tushmalov.

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However, his version first performed in and possibly produced as early as when he was a student of Rimsky-Korsakov does not include the entire suite: Only seven of the ten "pictures" are present, leaving out "Gnomus", "Tuileries", and "Cattle", and all the Promenades are omitted except for the last one, which is used in place of the first. The next orchestration was undertaken by the British conductor Henry Wood in He recorded a few sections of his arrangement on a pair of acoustic Columbia 78rpm discs in However, he withdrew his version when Maurice Ravel 's orchestration was published, and banned every public performance in the s in deference to Ravel's work.

Wood's arrangement has also been recorded by the London Philharmonic Orchestra under Nicholas Braithwaite and issued on the Lyrita label. All but the first of the Promenade movements were omitted and other passages extensively re-composed.

Knock Old Castle looks out across the sea to the Isles of Arran and Bute and Cumbrae

Wood's orchestration was once described by Gordon Jacob as "superior in picturesqueness to the Ravel", with its off-stage camel-bells in "Cattle" and grand organ in "The Great Gate of Kiev". The first person to orchestrate the piece in its entirety was the Slovenian-born conductor and violinist Leo Funtek , who finished his version in while living and working in Finland.

The version by Maurice Ravel , produced in on a commission by Serge Koussevitzky , represents a virtuoso effort by a master colourist. The orchestration has proved the most popular in the concert hall and on record.

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His instrumental colors—a trumpet solo for the opening Promenade, dark woodwind tones for passages suggesting Orthodox chant, the piccolo and high strings for the children's "chicks in shells"—are widely admired. The influence of Ravel's version may often be discerned in subsequent versions of the suite. Koussevitzky's commission, worked out with the publishers of the piano suite, gave him sole conducting rights for several years. He published Ravel's score himself and in made the first recording of it with the Boston Symphony Orchestra.

The exclusive nature of his commission prompted the release of a number of contemporary versions by other arrangers until Ravel's became generally available. The original publisher of Mussorgsky's piano suite, W. The publisher had passed on the opportunity to publish Ravel's arrangement, seeing no great commercial advantage in printing a score and set of parts for large orchestra; it had granted Koussevitzky permission to commission the setting and publish the score himself on the condition that no one else be allowed to perform it. Bessel turned to a Ravel student, year-old Russian-born pianist Leonidas Leonardi — , a.

Leon Leonardi or Leonid Leonardi, to create an orchestral version that could meet the now burgeoning demand and help the publisher regain some of its lost advantage. Leonardi's orchestration requires even larger forces than the version made by his mentor. The young pianist dedicated his setting of the suite to Igor Stravinsky and conducted the premiere in Paris with the Lamoureux Orchestra on 15 June Another arrangement appeared when Eugene Ormandy took over the Philadelphia Orchestra in following Leopold Stokowski 's decision to resign the conductorship.

Ormandy wanted a version of Pictures of his own and commissioned Lucien Cailliet , the Philadelphia Orchestra's 'house arranger' and player in the woodwind section, to produce one. This version was premiered and recorded by Ormandy in Walter Goehr published a version in for smaller forces than Ravel but curiously dropped "Gnomus" altogether and made "Limoges" the first piece. The conductor Leopold Stokowski had introduced Ravel's version to Philadelphia audiences in November ; ten years later he produced his own very free orchestration incorporating much re-composition , aiming for what he called a more Slavic orchestral sound instead of Ravel's more Gallic approach.

The right hand photo is a view of the rear of the property as seen from the courtyard garden area. The area to the right is the access pend from Old Castlegate into the courtyard. The sections to the left will belong to the main house.

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The left hand photo depicts an example of structural bracing within the interior. This photo is of the internal bracing on the interior face of the tripartite window seen in the left hand photo above. The right hand photo shows the same tripartite window after stabilisation work to the internal structure has been completed and repairs made to the windows. This image shows a partially completed section in one of the bedrooms, with the unplastered reinstated lath still visible on the right.

The original cornicing throughout the property is being retained, but where it is beyond repair new sections will be installed. Moulds are cast of the existing cornices, before replica sections are produced and fixed in position. Where possible, original features have been retained including fireplaces and mantel surrounds. Shows the building in the process of having a roughcast lime render applied, which will subsequently by coated with a coloured lime wash. The right hand photo depicts an example of the new timber window frames installed, complete with renewed sash cords and ironmongery.

The left hand photo shows the bracing over one of the tripartite windows, necessary to help stabilise the whole house. The middle photo is a view of the structural damage over the entryway to the house along the Old Castlegate frontage. The right hand photo shows the rear of the house, as seen from the courtyard garden area.

This section shows what will become the smaller of the two houses. View job vacancies. Easy for a day trip, with or without car as the bus services are numerous and convenient. Salmon fishing is available on a pay by day basis on several rivers in South Ayrshire. The islands are great for peaceful cycling. Dunoon and beyond has good mountain biking.

Largs Marina is 2 miles away, and other marinas in the vicinity are Troon, Ardrossan, and Inverkip. Sailing in the Firth of Clyde is world renowned, and a lot of racing takes place in the summer. Virtually wherever you like. Just turn up to Kelburn Castle some 3 miles away. It dates from the 13th Century and is the longest lived in house by the same family in the whole of Scotland, the Boyle family, now the Earls of Glasgow. It has all sorts of attractions open to the public, and has a most extraordinarily exciting graffiti painted by Brazilian graffiti artists over the entire tower.

GLASGOW: Long known as the second city of the Empire with appropriate buildings to boot, hit hard times, but now springing back with entrepreneurial and artistic vigour.

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