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Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina and Continuatio Mediaevalis - UCB access only These massive collections of excellent critical editions of Christian texts, from late antiquity into the early modern and modern eras, form the core of the "Library of Latin Texts" available through library's electronic resources portal.

Editions are still being added. Edited by Roger Pearse. Organized by language, with individual sections giving chronological and author indices:. Online Catalogue of the Abbey Archive of St. International Medieval Bibliography - UCB access only Comprehensive, current bibliography of articles in journals and miscellany volumes conference proceedings, essay collections or Festschriften worldwide.

The IMB comprises , articles, all of which are fully classified by date, subject, and location, providing full bibliographical records for work published throughout Europe, the Americas, and the Asia-Pacific region. Cambridge: Polity, Historiography in the twentieth century: from the scientific objectivity to the postmodern challenge. French historical method: the Annales paradigm. Opponents of the Annales school. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, You are commenting using your WordPress.


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Denis Cogneau

Like this: Like Loading Leave a comment Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Indeed, a proportion of material culture can be perceived by historians in textual sources, and archaeology cannot therefore claim a monopoly on the production of material data. This first article established an overview, and put forward a number of propositions to promote this field of research, but also argued for it to be made a subject of conversation between social sciences, despite an unfortunate lack of definition.


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  7. At the same time in Turin, the same author published, with R. In this text, the authors developed the historiographical context in which material culture came about and evolved, and the political and intellectual influences which contributed to it. By insisting on the specificity of archaeology regarding access to material data and on the evolution which this discipline had undergone and was still undergoing, precisely under the impetus of these new research questions, they put forward an assessment of medieval archaeology in Europe which was still a young discipline, having emerged approximately fifteen years before the article was published.

    They advocated a somewhat exclusive approach, claiming that the archaeological approach played a preeminent role in accessing material culture. The issue of the definition, which had been left unresolved in the previous article, was addressed here with a degree of caution.

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    It is about the culture of a group of people and, as such, is opposed to individuality. Nevertheless, the group taken into account can comprise just one part of a larger group, defined in theory though in some cases with difficulty according to criteria which may ultimately be geographical, cultural, ethnic, social, etc. Here, there is a risk of confinement, since it is often material culture itself which ends up characterising the group in question.

    The influence of anthropology is noticeable here, as this gives a value of characterisation to that which is stable and consistent. It is about facts considered as meaningful in their materiality, in line with Marxist theory; the involvement of sociocultural facts therefore favours the material elements over superstructural systems legal, symbolic, moral, etc.

    Although it moved gradually away from Marxism, which gave infrastructures a vital role in the social relationships which drove historical evolution, the study of material culture claims a preeminent role in the demonstration and explanation of human activities. The first of these was a dynamic element which concerned the spatial or temporal factors that introduce variations in the material culture of a given group, based on external inputs or internal processes.

    This last point is probably worth being discussed.

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    He returns to the issue of the definition,making use of propositions made by Polish historians and archaeologists. In my opinion, these definitions give rise to a clarification, but also a certain restriction of the field assigned to the concept:. The means of production taken from nature, the natural conditions of life, the changes made by man to the environment;. The forces of production: tools, people and their practice, organisation of work;.

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    The products: the tools for production and the goods to be consumed. Moreover, defining the notional field in this way would allow it to gain greater independence in relation to economic and social history, and would enable material culture to avoid finding itself in a position of inferiority with regards to other concepts which contribute to historical knowledge. This appears to be a sort of withdrawal, even though it was justified by the strategic necessity of putting forward an efficient framework to stimulate the increase in research in this field of study which was still explored very little.

    Indeed, there is a real danger of the reification of culture within this confinement, and a history of material culture built upon solely archaeological data would probably be taking a considerable risk. Pottery offers an obvious example of this. To the young French team P.

    Annales Histoire Sciences Sociales

    Courbin, J. Pesez, F. Piponnier , these brought not only technical expertise and field experience on sites with modest rural settlements — which previously had virtually never been the focus of excavations — but also the conceptual tools which enabled the material facts in general and the objects in particular to be granted the role of cultural witnesses. Clearly influenced by Marxism, he wanted particular attention to be paid to the material elements associated with inferior social categories, from a perspective of the history of social relations.

    Finally, to limit myself to a few examples from this small yet rich book, he stated the need for a close relationship with other human and social sciences, in particular anthropology and cultural history.


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    A parallel intellectual process — and most likely mutually influenced — led to the declaration of intent presented in the editorial of the first edition of the journal Archeologia medievale October The following year , an initial illustration was given in Volume 31 of the history journal Quaderni storici , which was dedicated to Cultura materiale Cultura materiale , Diego Moreno and Massimo Quaini developed their propositions in the editorial of Archeologia medievale mentioned above, and the volume contained contributions from archaeologists and ethnologists.

    Archaeology has perhaps not sufficiently evaluated the issues which, in this domain, concern it directly, as well as its relationships with the other social sciences. In playing a leading role in the consideration of material facts, archaeology is also required to integrate into its field of investigation elements which do not necessarily take material form, but which concern data that is material in nature, provided, for example, by texts, ethnographic observations, etc.

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    In several cases, alongside the analysis of stratigraphy or even built structures, the attention given to artefacts, whatever the material used pottery, glass, metal, bone, etc. We can of course congratulate ourselves on the growing space occupied by artefact analysis, especially non-ceramic, in the publications of medieval archaeological excavations, following a long period of great scarcity. By way of example, evidence of this can be found in the recent publication of the excavation of the Andone castrum by Luc Bourgeois, where over half of the five hundred pages of the work are devoted to the artefacts Bourgeois, It is now therefore necessary to explore in greater depth the methodological reflection begun by Pesez, particularly in order to broaden the concept of material culture in archaeology and to alter the trend whereby it is used as a simple adjective encompassing all artefacts.

    Indeed, this field, based on the archaeological data, is in fact very extensive.

    Albert Zakharovich Manfred, historien soviétique

    It covers not only artefacts in all their variety, but goes far beyond this category, and also includes, for example:. The human body itself in its materiality: a body shaped, constrained, bruised, repaired or modified by repetitive behaviours or positions;.